Maggie Carter Smith feels like one of those little wind up ducks you find in an import store, the ones that skitter along, turning and circling with no clear direction. So many things tug at her: the books stacked for reading, the list of research possibilities, the garden. Her to-do list fills her head; the ideas buzz there, near to bursting. She slugs down her handful of vitamins and minerals, an attempt to extend a meaningful life, and looks up at the multicolored India-ink drawing of Yama, the Lord of Death, hanging on the wall. His mouth opens wide, regurgitating the world, an endless wheel of compassion and suffering. Maggie stares at it, envious. Right now she wishes–almost, ‘wishes to hell’ but she won’t go that far, not with old Yama looking down on her–still, she wishes she could cough up the rumblings inside her, fling them out once and for all, a magnificent mouthful. The older she gets, the more urgent all this ‘doing’ becomes.
(From my next book chronicling 17th century New Haven, fictionalizing a kernel from family history. But that’s another story.)
This quote expresses my feeling precisely–overwhelmed! Andrew Croy and Susannah Oswalt (3x great-grandparents) married by 1800. They were first cousins…yep, first cousins. Their fathers married daughters of Alexander Huston. Those fathers, Jacob Croy (see last post) and Jacob Oswalt, came to the part of Ohio now encompassing northeast Carroll County and southwest Stark County. This week I review Jacob Oswalt and Sarah Huston Oswalt and their thirteen children. Consequently, overwhelmed!
I delved into the land purchases in Carroll County in some depth because of my interest in the little town of Morges. The first evidence of Jacob Oswalt is when he registered for S12 T16 R7 on September 24, 1805. Using the Bureau of Land Management records, I discovered that, in 1810, Michael Oswalt (Jacob’s brother) purchased the SE ¼ of that section. The other quarters went to other purchasers. Jacob continued living in Stark/Carroll County, and in 1819 he purchased the NE ¼ of T16 R7 S17, what would one day contain a portion of Morges, Ohio.
By 1820 the Oswalt family was ubiquitous in Stark County. By 1830 the family still lived in Stark County but Jacob Sr. had moved with his son Jacob Jr. to Lexington Township, near Maximo. Jacob Jr. would live his life out there. Son Samuel acquired his father’s property in Rose Township.
Between 1830 and 1840, the Oswalt family dispersed. After his wife’s death, Jacob Sr. headed to Seneca where he purchased land in Big Springs Township and town lots in Springville, and then died in 1836. Back in Rose Township, Carroll County, Samuel worked with neighbor John Waggoner to establish little Morges. Family relations, including Croy, Simonton, Waggoner, and McClish all paid taxes on lots there (as an aside, in correction of an earlier error, Jacob Oswalt who paid Morges taxes was not the patriarch but a son of likely John, possibly Samuel.) But by 1838, most of the family had moved on and Andrew Croy and Samuel Oswalt were delinquent on taxes for their lots.
Was the death of Sarah Huston Oswalt in 1832 a catylst, unraveling family connections, or was it the natural realignment of family connections over time? Was it the lure of land farther west; the Panic of 1837 precipitated by the end of the National Bank and rampant land speculation? We can’t know. The timeline of documentation found below helps tell the story.
While I have all documentation for the narrative that follows, I did not source it here…too much…to long. One thing though, I’ve discovered my grasp of the comings and goings of the Oswalt family (thanks to a helpful cousin much removed) is pretty darn good! So I’m ready for Ohio if Ohio’s ready for me. Before I go, however, the family of Andrew and Susannah Oswalt Croy deserves one more look.
Timeline of Family of Jacob and Sarah Huston Oswalt
1805 Jacob Oswalt, a resident of Columbiana Ct, registers for S12 T16 R7, 24 Sept
1810 Jacob sells/releases ¼ of land to Michael Oswalt
1816-1825 Jacob, Stark County Tax Index
1816 Margaret marries Thomas Graden (Graton) in Stark Ct. on 10 Jan
1818 John marries Hannah Neill in Harrison Ct on 29 Jan
1818 Sarah marries Peter Waggener (Waggoner) in Stark Ct. on 25 Aug
1819 Jacob Sr buys NE1/4 of T16 R7 S17 (later Andrew Croy owns E1/2 SE1/4)
1820 CENSUS Jacob with 3 M and 5 F, John, Sarah wife of Peter Waggoner, Rebecca wife of David Huston census Rose, Stark Ohio; Susannah wife of Andrew Croy Brown, Stark Ct; Margaret wife of Thomas Graden, Ross, Jefferson Ct
1824 Elizabeth marries Thomas Simonton June 1
1825 Thomas Graden husband of Margaret, Tax Records for Ross Township, Jefferson Ct R3 T11 S14
1826-1838 Thomas Graden husband of Margaret, Tax Records (including distillery) for Springfield Township, Jefferson Ct R4 T11 S16
1826-1829 Jacob Sr., Samuel, John, Jacob Jr. Tax records for Land/Personal Prop, Rose Township, Stark Ct
1829 Mary (Polly) married Jacob Shoe in Stark Ct on 14 May
1829 Martha married Daniel Weimer in Stark Ct (Wymer) on 17 Sep
1830 CENSUS Jacob (1M and 1F), Jacob Jr., Lexington, Stark Ct; Joseph, Samuel, John, Susannah of Andrew Croy, Elizabeth of Thomas Simonton Rose Township, Stark Ct; David Huston husband of Rebecca Oswalt Census Brown, Stark Ct: Sarah of Peter Waggoner, Brown, Stark Ct; Martha of Daniel Weimer Harrison, Stark Ct; Margaret of Thomas Graden Clinton, Jefferson Ct
1832 Chancery Records Sarah Huston Oswalt, his wife died in Stark County 1832 Listed children in 1834 as John, Samuel of Carroll County, Margaret wife of Thomas Graton of Jefferson County, Martha wife of Daniel Wymer of Seneca Ct in Ohio Sarah wife of Peter Waggoner of Virginia and Joseph, Jacob Jr., Michael, Susanna wife of Andrew Croy on of the heirs of Mary Roberts deceased, Catharine Oswald, Elizabeth wife of Thomas Simonton, Mary wife of Jacob Shoe and Rebecca wife of said defendant David Huston son of Alexander Huston. (matches will)
1832 Jacob Jr. moves to Maximo (Lexington, Stark County, OH
1833-1838 Sons in Morges, Rose Township, Carroll Ct (Jacob’s land now in Samuel’s name)
1833 Michael marries Salome(a) Hergar (Hagar) 24 Jan
1836 Jacob Oswalt will Sept 1836 Seneca County 2 40 acre lots in Big Springs township and town lot in Springville: given to 8 daughters in equal portion. Michael, John, Samuel, Jacob Jr, and Joseph each one dollar. 29 August 1836
1840 CENSUS Jacob Jr Washington Township, Stark Ct; Rebecca of David Huston Brown, Carroll Ct.; Samuel by sister Margaret wife of Thomas Graden in Jefferson Ct(? Thomas remarried by 1841); Elizabeth wife of Thomas Simonton in Tuscarawas Ct; Mary wife of Jacob Shoe Perry, Wood Ct; Sarah wife of Peter Waggoner Perry Wood Ct; Susannah of Andrew Croy White Eyes, Coshocton Ct; Sarah wife of Peter Waggoner Lewis Ct, Virginia
1850 CENSUS Martha wife of Daniel Weimer (Wymer) Jay, Noble, Indiana (note: child born in Indiana 1845); Jacob Jr Washington Township, Stark Ct; Sarah Oswalt Waggoner Perry, Allen Ct; Rebecca of David Huston, Harrison Ct; Susannah of Andrew Croy, White Eyes, Coshocton Ct; Michael, Mahaska, Iowa (child born in Iowa in 1846); John, Keokuk, Iowa (child born in Iowa in 1841); Joseph, Wells, Indiana (child born in Indiana 1846)
1853 Joseph, Knottingham, Wells Ct Indiana
1854 Rebecca of Peter Waggoner Land Grant Richland Ct. Wisconsin
1856 John, Iowa census
1860 CENSUS Joseph Knottingham, Wells Ct Indiana; Jacob Jr Washington Township, Stark Ct; Mary of Jacob Shoe Hopewell, Seneca, OH; Martha of Daniel Weimer Lancaster, Keokuk, Iowa; Michael, of Pleasant Gap, Bates, Missouri (child born in Missouri 1858)
1864 Susannah dies in Carroll Ct (returned from Coshocton after 1850) 26 Oct
1870 CENSUS Jacob Jr Washington Township, Stark Ct; Joseph, Wells Ct, Indiana; Michael, Keokuk Ct, Iowa; Sarah with Peter Wagner (Wagonner) Rockbridge, Richland, Wisconsin
1873 Joseph dies in Wells County, Indiana Aug 11
1876 Michael dies Reed Cemetery, Keokuk County, Iowa 28 Jan
1880 CENSUS Jacob Jr Washington Township, Stark Ct Maximo PO
1887 Jacob (Jr. 3rd) died, buried Beechwood, Stark County, OH
Catherine, no record except inferred in 1830 census; Elizabeth, no record after 1840; Samuel, no definitive record after 1840; Mary, no record after 1840; Margaret died by 1841 based on new marriage of Thomas Graden; Rebecca, no record after 1855; John, no record after 1856; Martha, no record after 1860; Sarah, no record after 1870 (1880 Peter widowed)