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YES! Jacob Croy is the son of Andrew Croy

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signatures of Parent and son

Together on a legal transaction with information on their literacy. (On another document it shows Susanna signing with her mark.) I was pretty excited to see this!

Parents and children care for each other. They support each other. They help each other in their undertakings. Long ago they worked together and lived with each other far into adulthood. As now, when things were tough grandparents cared for grandchildren, and they often bought and sold property together. Love and support (and, yes, its opposite) are human qualities, past and present.

I went to Ohio hoping to find evidence that Jacob Croy was the son of Andrew Croy. Mind you, I knew it was true. But, for genealogists, proximity, as in living in the same place and even the same house, is not definitive proof of a familial relationship. Still, at some point, can’t all that coinciding evidence be considered “proof?”

I knew a great deal before my trip. (Rehashed below.[i]) From this information, I surmised that Duncan, Michael, Richard, Samuel, and my great-great grandfather Jacob were sons of Andrew. Various age estimates fit the 1820 census information. Referencing only my source information, the names of two sons, one born 1811-1820 and another born 1826-1830 were unknown. The names of two daughters born 1811-1815 and 1821-1825 were also unknown. Now all but one of those names can be confirmed through evidence.

So, what new documentation did I find?

  • Mary Croy married Robert Russell on 14 February 1835 in Carroll County.[ii]
  • Mary died in Carroll County of consumption 11 June 1871. She was born in Jefferson County to “parents Andrew and Susannah Croy.”[iii]
  • Then there was this lovely obituary.[iv] “Matthew Russell who died at the dawning of the 29th day of August 1881 was born May 27th 1818, on the farm on which he died­–his father having entered that piece in 1812…Mr. Russell was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Croy on the 18th of August, 1840, and leaves his widow and six children (we believe all the family) to morn his departure…”
  • And this gem from a synopsis of an “aged newspaper clipping owned by Ed Norris of Fresno [Ohio]…The mill was purchased by Andy Croy, father of the late David Croy in 1839 and operated by him for 16 years.”[v] I found the deed in which Andrew sells that land on the 25th of March 1856. It outlines the history of the property including the previous date of purchase and ownership.[vi]
  • Finally, how about two couples named Croy selling, together, a piece of land in Coshocton County? The document includes the names of both Andrew and Jacob and their wives. And the land is adjacent to, and in the same White Eyes Township and same section and range, S6 R 5, as the land with the mill.[vii] (See photo above)

I think I have a vast body of proof to substantiate my claim. The two daughters are Mary and Margaret whom Andrew and Susannah went to live with after selling the mill. The youngest son is David, who stayed in Coshocton County all his life. The last son…well there is always more history to discover.

What I do know is close to heart. Family takes care of each other, supports each other…or not. The choice matters. Andrew and Susannah chose to foster that connection. And Jacob was their son.

[i]
  • Mathias Croy married Susan Pugh on 4 January 1816 in Brown Township, Stark/Carroll County[i], Ohio (He and Andrew are the only Croy males of age to be Jacob’s father in Stark/Carroll County. Jacob was born 6 March 1810.)
  • Mathias Croy, according to Stark County Tax Records from 1826-1830, lived continuously in Rose Township
  • On the 1820 census, Andrew Croy and a female, born 1776-1794, lived in Brown Township, Stark/Carroll County with 2 boys born 1801-1810 and 4 boys and 1 girl born 1811-1820.
  • Andrew and family, according to the Stark County Tax Records from 1826-1830, continued living in Brown Township through 1828.
  • Andrew bought land in Rose Township, Stark/Carroll County, Ohio on 2 April 1829.
  • Jacob Croy married Margaret Pugh in Stark/Carroll County, Ohio on 5 April 1830.
  • On the 1830 census, four Croy families lived in Rose Township (one township away from Brown), Stark/Carroll County, Ohio:
    • Andrew and a female, born 1776-1794, with one boy, born 1801-1810, 1 boy and 1 girl, born 1811-1815, 1 girl, born 1821-1825 and 1 son, born 1826-1830
    • Duncan and a female, born 1801-1810, with 1 boy and 1 girl, born 1826-1830
    • Jacob and a female, born 1801-1810
    • Mathias and a female, born 1776-1794, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1816-1820, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1821-1825, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1826-1830
  • Andrew Croy paid taxes on lot 18 in Morges, Rose Township Ohio from 1833-1838.
  • Jacob Croy paid taxes on a lot 17 in Morges, Rose Township from 1833-1835
  • Michael Croy paid taxes on lot 24 in Morges, Rose Township from 1833-1835.
  • On the 1840 census, two Croy families lived in White eyes Township, Coshocton County, Oh
    • Andrew Croy born 1871-1880, lived with a female born 1781-1790, 1 male born 1801-1810, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1821-1825, 1 boy born 1831-1835, and 1 girl born 1836-1840.
    • Michael Croy born 1801-1810 with a female born 1811-1820, a girl born 1831-1835, and a boy born 1836-1840.
  • On the 1840 census, two Croy families with the head of household named Jacob lived in Coshocton County
    • Jacob of Washington County who had lived in the township and county on previous census records since 1820 at least…so not our Jacob.
    • Jacob Croy born 1801-1810 lived in Mill Creek Township, Coshocton County with a female and male born 1811-1820, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1831-1835, and 1 boy born 1836-1840.
  • One Croy, Richard, born 1811-1820 with a female born 1815-1821 and a boy under 5.
  • Samuel Croy married Catherine McClish 10 February 1837.
[ii] Robert Russell and Mary Croy marriage record, 14 February 1835; Carroll county Genealogical Library, 24 2nd St NE, Carrollton, Ohio; V I Marriage Records, pg 38.
[iii] Mary Russell death record, 11 June 1871; Carroll County Genealogical Library,24 2nd St NE, Carrollton, Ohio; Record of Deaths, Probate Court, pg 36-38, # 98.
[iv] Matthew Russell obituary; Carroll Chronicle, Carrollton, Ohio, 2 September 1881; Carroll County Genealogical Library, pg 35.
[v] Coshocton County Chapter of OGS, White Eyes Township, Coshocton County: Cemeteries…Brief History… Vol. XV: “The First Grist Mill 1832 on White Eyes Creek pg 174.
[vi] Deed: Andrew Croy to David Reed; Coshocton County Deed Book, V 31, Pg 754; Coshocton County Records Office, Coshocton, OH.
[vii] Deed: Jacob & Andrew Croy to William Adams; Coshocton County Deed Book, V 23, Pg 421; Coshocton County Records Office, Coshocton, OH.

About croywright

The author, a writer of history and historical fiction, always yearned to go back in time.

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