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Throw Back Thursday: Greer Croy (1838-1872)

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Greer Croy 1

This is the first of a series of “Throw Back Thursday” posts highlighting individuals whose grave markers I found on my trip to Ohio. Because Memorial Day is near, I decided to begin the series with a veteran of the Civil War, Greer (Grier) Croy, buried in Decatur Presbyterian Cemetery in Washington County, Ohio.

While in Ohio, I met Deb Root Shell, a historian with deep connections to Washington County. She told me about an original, hand-written document from 1865 tucked away in the Washington County Library Local History and Genealogical Archives. She plans to transcribe these precious records, but until then I am lucky enough to have the pages referencing my family.

Here is the entry for Greer Croy.

“Greer Croy, son of Jacob & Margaret Croy was born in Coshocton Co. O. January 8th 1838. Enlisted from Fairfield in Co F 36th O.V.I. Oct. 12th 1861, & was made “color corporal.” Never disabled from duty by sickness. Was wounded (1st) in the foot, at Antietam, by a fragment of shell. Was in Hosp three months, & on recovery rejoined his Regt at Charleston W.Va. Wounded (2nd) at Chicamauga by a minie ball glancing on the back of his head, stunning him so that he fell, dead, or was supposed. He rejoined the Regt in a day or two. Was wounded (3rd) at Cedar Creek Va., Oct 18th 1864, by a minie ball passing through his hip near the joint, shattering the bone, & was sent to the “Cameron St Gen. Hosp.”, Baltimore, Md. Coming home on a month’s furlough, as soon as his wound would allow. On his return to Baltimore he received his discharge, Feb. 1865, as a disabled veteran being badly lame for life. He was shot while carrying the colors.”[i]

He never fully returned to active life though he purchased land[ii] in Decatur Township below Cutler along the West Branch of the Little Hocking River during the late 1860’s and attempted to farm it. As his brother William noted in a pension deposition:

“Greer Croy was very ambitious & I suppose he thought circumstances compelled him to work & frequently tried to work and did work more or less …when I am satisfied he ought not to have worked at all.”[iii]

Greer had three sons, Sheridan (1868-1953–named after the General who led him) and Jacob Sylvine (1869-1937) who settled in Oregon, and Joseph Ellsworth, (1871-1872–died of consumption at four months old). His wife Malona Basim Croy Place (1839-1916), is buried near Greer’s brother, William Croy, in Centennial Cemetery[iv] not far away. Two markers carry Greer’s name; one is old and worn, the other newer. Greer died of consumption, at the age of 34.Greer Croy 2

[i] Handwritten Roll of Honor document, compiled by Charles Strong Perry, 1865, Washington County Public Library, History and Genealogical Archive, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH.

[ii] Croy, Greer from Dunsmore, Alson V60, Pg 389; same from Fairbank, Elijah V 65, pg 94; same from Ballard PE V 70, pg 636. Records Office, Washington County Court House, Marietta, OH

[iii] Soldier’s Certificate No. 237291, Greer Croy, Corporal, Company F, 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, p 20-21 National Archives, Washington, DC

[iv] find-a-grave


About croywright

The author, a writer of history and historical fiction, always yearned to go back in time.

3 responses »

  1. Stephanie Bradley

    I wish I knew why he moved to Oregon. I did look at all the wonderful information and shared your site with my great nephew. He was thrilled to have some family history. Thank you so much. Sheridan Croy ended up in Camas Valley. Jacob never married.

  2. Stephanie Bradley

    Thank you. Greer Croy was my 2x grandfather.

    • Great to know you are out there. Greer is one of the most compelling and tragic of the “Croy Boys” serving in the Civil War. I hope you searched my site with his name. I’ve written extensively about them. I am assuming you descend from Sheridan out of Oregon. Would love to know more about why he moved. (I know his brother followed him.)


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