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Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Five

Sheridan's Ride at Cedar Creek October 19, 1864 by A.R. Waud

Sheridan’s Ride at Cedar Creek
October 19, 1864 by A.R. Waud

The five Croy boys who fought together on the Western Theatre received new orders. After taking Missionary Ridge in Tennessee and securing the supply lines and strategic placement of Chattanooga, the 92nd with Robert, William, Duncan, and David Croy moved south with Sherman. Having completed the three-year obligation to serve, the 36th was due to disband. They moved north, returning to Ohio.

The Union desperately needed these volunteers to reenlist. They were transported to Columbus where Governor John Broughin garlanded them with acclaim. He also explained an incentive plan. If a significant percent of the regiment reenlisted, they would be honored with the title of “veteran” for their regiment and each man reenlisting would receive a $100 bonus. They squeaked by with the required percentage. On February 15, 1864 329 men were sworn into the 36th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Among them was Greer Croy.

As part of the “negotiations,” the 36th received two out of the three things they requested. They would receive a 30-day leave to rest and visit family. They would not receive the Spencer repeating rifles they had seen in use in Tennessee. They would be transferred to serve under George Crook, now Brigadier General of the Kanawha Division of West Virginia.

When Greer Croy arrived home for his thirty days of recuperation in March of 1864, he was greeted by a proud father, relieved and still anxious mother, and two awed brothers, all of them bursting with their own questions. By the time Greer left to join Crook in West Virginia on March 29, 1864, his presence had convinced the last two brothers that they could wait no longer. Well, maybe he had only convinced Calvin. Calvin was young and filled with stories of adventure, and he turned eighteen years of age on May 13th. A regiment formed in that month, but mother Margaret would not send another boy off alone.

On May 2, 1864, Calvin and Nathan Croy, 20 years of age, joined the newly forming 148th OVI for a 100 day term.[i]Their service began in disaster. Barely out of Ohio, the train carrying the boys crashed. It killed a local boy in the regiment and injuring many. Calvin and Nathan went on to Washington, D.C. to man the trenches protecting the Capital. They were mustered out on September 14, 1864. Later Calvin would join his brothers in the 92nd marching through the Carolinas. But for one hundred days all seven of Margaret and Jacob’s boys were in the Civil War together.

At the same time, Crook and Greer’s 36th had received orders to destroy the Tennessee and Virginia Railroad. Traveling light, living off the land, with orders to do no “indiscriminate marauding,” they marched through rain and mud along the Kanawha River, disrupting supply flow and creating havoc for the Confederacy. With the Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain in Virginia, they accomplished the shut down that railroad and moved up the Shenandoah Valley.

Lacking supplies and equipment while battling heat, fatigue, and the guerilla tactics of the Rebels, they lingered on the verge of collapse. Then, in August of 1864, Major General Philip Sheridan arrived with 35, 000 troops. They rallied.

The culminating battle came at Cedar Creek on October 19, 1864. Thinking they now dominated the valley and the front, Sheridan had moved out to focus on Lee. But Major General Early of the Confederacy surprised the Union forces, causing general panic. The 36th held the line, and Sheridan, with word of the danger, returned to rally the troops. Many depict the moment as the now famous, if somewhat overly dramatic, “Sheridan’s Ride.”

There were 5,700 casualties at Cedar Creek with 554 killed. Greer Croy suffered his third and final wound of the war. He was mustered out to go home on March 18, 1865 with a surgeon’s certificate of disability.

Note: For further information http://www.ohiocivilwar.com (regiment timelines and other interesting facts) http://www.ohiocivilwar150.org/omeka/ (flags of regiments.) http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com (excellent outline of battles, regiments, etc.) and Kenneth P. Werrell, Crook’s Regulars: the 36th Ohio in the War of Rebellion (Christianburg, Virginia, KPW, 2012)

[i] NARA. U.S., Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 (Ancestry.com) T288_105, also Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) pg 755-756 https://openlibrary.org/books/OL6573096M (Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.)

 

Missouri Bound Part 5: The Utterbacks

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9-When-Harry-Met-Sally-quotes

A side note: I am neck deep in my fiction! I just finished the first edit of my upcoming American Historical Fiction novel set in Pennsylvania and Ohio after the Revolutionary War. I’m editing my second novel based on records of New Haven Colony. AND I’m researching my third, which takes place in the area around Bennington, Vermont during the American Revolution. Oh…almost forgot, I just finished a short prequel to my upcoming book #1.

I had to pull my fingers loose from my fictional world and found myself procrastinating in a whirlpool of research and digression. One thing lured me back—the chance to pull out all my plat maps to explain how Harry met Sally (well, really, how Peter met Elizabeth).

Before I can do that, however, I must get the Utterback’s to Missouri. So, with the worst of puns, I am utterly back.

The Utterback Family

The last of the pertinent families to the ancestry of Gillian Virginia Morris(s) Ison is the Utterback family. The majority of the information regarding birth, death, marriage, and progeny comes from the much-cited Utterback, William Irvin, The history and genealogy of the Utterback family in America, 1622-1937. Huntington, W. Va.: Gentry Bros. Printing Co., 1937. I cannot verify this information but admit to including it in the family sheets for Gillian’s ancestors, found here. Here is what I can verify:

  • Herman (Harmon) Otterbach (later the name was spelled Utterback) arrived in Virginia in 1714, from Musen in Westphalia, Germany. He came with his family and eleven other families. They came to work the iron mills at Fort Germanna, Virginia under the sponsorship of Governor Spotswood in 1714. By 1720, the families, disenchanted by their treatment, relocated to Germantown, Virginia.[i]
  • Herman Otterbach/Utterback came to Virginia with his sons John Philip, John, and daughters, one of which was Anna Margrete[ii]Little Fork culpepper Cty, VA Otterbach
  • Son, John Philip Utterback appeared on Rent Rolls 1751-1754, Prince William County, VA; 1764, Culpeper County, VA.
  • Henry, son of the above John Philip and father of Hankerson Utterback, died by January 1799, based on index of probate for Culpeper County, Virginia (The actual record does not exist as far as I can tell. I went through each page of the actual records and there is a huge hole for this time period. Also checked Library of VA Chancery Records for the county and neighboring counties.)

As our land gained footing a separate nation, records expanded and more research information is available. Consequently, the records for Hankerson Utterback are more numerous.

  • Hankerson Utterback shows up on the 1810 census for Boone County, Kentucky and again on the 1820 census for Burlington, Boone Cty, KY. Marriages of his children Adam (m. 1814), Joseph (m. 1823), and Elizabeth (m. 1823) are all documented for Boone County in the Kentucky Compiled Marriages on Family Search.
  • By 1827 Hankerson had moved to Clay County, Missouri[iii]and by 1828, he had bought land in Ralls County, Missouri.

So, now Hankerson Utterback and his family (I’ve found records for Adam, Joseph, George, Rebecca, Abraham, Elizabeth, and Emily) have made it to Missouri. (I seem to always set myself down in the past like it’s the present.)

But what is monumental to me, is that on April 1, 1829,[iv] Rebecca Utterback purchased a deed for land in Ralls County, five months before her September 24, 1829, marriage to William Scott Ely. Monumental, first, because the land is deeded to a woman, likely a way for her father to protected her future. But monumental, second because of how the plot of land figures prominently in how Gillian’s father, Peter Philander Morris, meets his future wife!

I love land records! Next week’s post finally gets to the place all these Missouri Bound ramblings were heading—Ralls County and Chariton County, and how “the twain shall meet.”

Now, until next week, I dive back in…to editing my fictional past. Maybe a post on editing is coming soon???

[i] Raleigh Travers Green. Genealogical and Historical Notes on Culpeper County, Virginia. Embracing a Revised and Enlarged Edition of Dr. Philip slaughter’s History of St. Mark’s Parish. Culpeper, Va, USA: Regional Publishing Co., 1900. Ancestry.com [accessed 11-19-13]
[ii] Filby, P. William, ed. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2012. Source Bibliography: Breitbard, Gail. Some Early Virginia Immigrants. In The Lost Palatine, no. 5 (1982), pp. 4-5. Ancestry. Com [accessed 5-14-17]
[iii] https://glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=MO0120__.371&docClass=STA&sid=ec205vrk.qql#patentDetailsTabIndex=2 https://glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=MO0260__.158&docClass=STA&sid=ec205vrk.qql
[iv] https://glorecords.blm.gov/details/patent/default.aspx?accession=MO0260__.323&docClass=STA&sid=e0k0rsad.td4#patentDetailsTabIndex=2

Missouri Bound Part Four: The Tschudi/Judy Family

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United States 1819

The United States in about 1819, the same time Mary Judy and Isaac Ely moved from Kentucky to Missouri Territory.

In the last three posts, I discussed the lineage of Gillian Virginia Morris(s), my Great-great-grandmother on my grandmother’s side, including the migration of that lineage from Virginia and Kentucky to Missouri. Her parents, grandparents, and her great-grandparents on her mother’s side would call Missouri home.

 

As review:

In Part I. I provided extensive information on the Salling (Sally, Salley) family who settled in Rockbridge County, Virginia. I included evidence to support the correction of an error in the parentage of Malinda Salling, mother to Peter Philander Morris, Gillian’s father.

Part II. I detailed my attempt to determine the parentage of Thomas H. Morris(s), Gilllian’s grandfather, who also lived in Rockbridge County, Virginia. The results were inconclusive. His parentage remains a brick-wall.

Part III. I documented the Ely family who came to America in the 1700’s and settled along the Cacapehon River in what would be Hampshire County, West Virginia. I provided evidence of the movement of son of Isaac Ely, Sr., Benjamin Ely, and his family, to Clark County, Kentucky, as well as proof of the Clark County marriage of his son Isaac Ely and Mary Judy. They were Gillian’s great-grandparents.

Now, what about the Judy family?

The surname “Judy” is of Swiss origin and was originally spelled Tschudi (Tschudy). The spelling morphed into “Judy” and “Judah” soon after the family arrived in America. Four men with the Tschudi name came to Philadelphia between 1740 and 1770. They included: Mardin Tschudi in 1738; Martin Tschudi in 1749, settling in Hampshire County, WV; Weinbert Tschudi in 1752.[i]

Then, my ancestor, Martin Tschudi, in the company of a Martin Nicholas Tschudi and Johann Tschudi, sailed from Rotterdam on The Sally and, after a stop in Cowes, England, disembarked on November 10, 1767.[ii] It is possible all four Tschudi’s were related. They all came from the Canton of Basel in Switzerland and many given names were the same.[iii]

According to the Lists of Swiss Emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the American Colonies, he arrived with wife Anna Boni and children, Johannes, Martin, Elisabeth, and Anna.[iv] A son, Jacob Judy, was born September 18, 1767, this according to information in Find-a-Grave, which would indicate he was born on the ship. Afterward, Martin and Anna had three more known children: Winepark (Weinbert), David, and Samuel.[v] Some say there was one more daughter, a Nancy but the evidence is, so far, scant.

While numerous records for a Martin Tschudi exist, there is no clear evidence of where the family resided before 1791 in Bourbon County, Kentucky.[vi] The name was common and there were at least six of that name in America in those early years. Family lore abounds regarding the “Trek” to Kentucky, but I have found little definitive evidence to support it.

The 1800, Clark County, Kentucky tax list includes Martin Sr. and his sons David, John J, Martin Jr., Samuel, and Winepack (Weinbert).[vii] So between 1767 and 1800, the family, excluding John,[viii] had settled in Clark County, Kentucky. By then Martin Jr., Mary Judy’s father, had married Elizabeth Judy. While proven in a probate record,[ix] I’ve found no marriage record.

Family Lore says she was Martin’s first cousin, but I’ve found no proof. Of various suppositions I’ve found, the most likely candidate for Elizabeth’s father is Weinbert Tschudi who arrived in Pennsylvania fifteen years before Martin., or could be the Johann Tschudi who arrived with Martin. Some have linked her to a Johannes (John) and Maria Shaffner Judy from Fort Pitt in Pennsylvania, but Lancaster, PA, Mennonite Vital Records for a couple with the same names show them married in 1808, much too late to be Elizabeth’s parents. Some family historians indicate the father of Martin Sr. in Switzerland was the one who married a cousin. I mention all this speculation because it is floating out there as fact, so I wanted the reader to be aware of it. If anyone has validating information I would love to see it!

Regardless, Martin Jr. and Elizabeth Judy had a daughter, Mary (Polly) Judy. She married Isaac Ely, in 1798, and by 1820, they had moved to Missouri.

Like an extended Abbott and Costello skit, let’s play the game of Who’s On First, only our game is Who’s in Missouri.

  • Mary (Polly) Judy and Isaac Ely arrived in Ralls County, Missouri by 1824, more likely by 1819 when Isaac’s father Benjamin is recorded as arriving.[x]
  • Malinda Salling and Thomas H. Morris(s) are in Chariton County, Missouri, by 1849.[xi]

Now for one more piece of the Who’s in Missouri puzzle: Part Five of the Missouri posts—The Utterback Family.

 Map courtesy of Library of Congress; A new and elegent general atlas, containing maps of each of the United States; Baltimore : Fielding Lucas, [1817?]
[i] Strassburger; Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Vol 1, 1727-1775; Genealogical Publishing Company; Find My Past; pages 249, 391, 507
[ii] Ibid. pg. 738
[iii] Faust, A.B. & Brumbaugh, Gaiius. Lists of Swiss emigrants in the Eighteenth Century to the American Colonies, Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: the National Genealogical Society, 1925. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing co., Baltimore, 1976.
[iv] Ibid. pg. 243
[v] Various Find-a-grave resources for cemeteries in Clark County, Kentucky
[vi] Ancestry.com. Kentucky, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1810-1890 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999. Original data: Jackson, Ron V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. Kentucky Census, 1810-1890. Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes.
[vii] Ancestry.com. Kentucky, Tax Lists, 1799-1801, original from: Clift, G. Glenn. Second Census of Kentucky, 1800. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co.
[viii] No definitive record until 1820 census and Find-a-grave Greene County, Ohio
[ix] Heirs of Martin Judy; Ralls county Court House, pg. 537-538; probate 15 May 1838; transcribed by N.L. Moore.
[x] Documentation to come soon, in a separate post.
[xi] Documentation provided in Part II of the Missouri posts

Mary and Jacob and Progeny: Part 2

Mathias marriageIn my last post I began to analyze my records regarding Mary Huston Croy and Jacob Croy, my 4x great-grandparents and children and covered the period from first record in Ohio to 1824. Because, Ohio did not require the recording of births and deaths before 1867 and detailed familial information did not appear on census records until 1850 (with familial relationships appearing in 1880), definitive information regarding family relationships before those dates must be extracted mostly from probate, church, or family records. Tax and census records are useful (very useful in my opinion) for determining residency, movement, and proximal relationships, but cannot “prove” familial ties. I constantly thank John Huston for obstinately pursuing his interest in his mother’s land (over fifteen years after his father’s death, more on that here.) The lengthy report contains important information and also provides clues for investigation. In this post I continue my analysis from 1824-1839, with a little early overlap to include some added discoveries.

Let’s begin with an overview of the information on my 3x great grandfather, Andrew Croy. He first shows up in tax records, 1826-1828, for Brown Township, Stark County, right across the border from Rose Township where his wife, Susannah Oswalt’s family settled. On April 2, 1829 he purchased land in Rose Township where, besides his wife’s family, his brother Mathias lived. He appears on the 1830 census for Rose Township, and owned a lot in the town of Morges in Rose Township from 1834-1838. (Check out the Morges years here.)

I was unable to find a marriage record for Andrew Croy and Susannah Oswalt. (We know they were married thanks to the Chancery Records.) Under the premise that they might have been overlooked in indexing, I decided to scrutinize the Ohio marriage records on Family Search. They would likely have married between 1798 and 1801, (the home of the extended family was in Jefferson County at the time.) I checked the on-line FamilySearch marriage records for Jefferson and discovered deteriorated 1798 to 1803 records with many missing pages. I did not find their marriage records, probably because they were lost or not recorded.

One tip given to genealogists is to go beyond indexes and find the original documents. I decided to look for every original marriage record for the family using FamilySearch. I found all the Ohio Genealogical Society indexed records there except Elizabeth Croy and David Devore, 1798. The big reveal came when I found the record shown above. It indicates that Andrew’s brother, Mathias, was married in Brown Township, Stark County. It is very rare for these records to include the township (and, as an aside, to be recorded by a man with the same last name as the bride), so I was very excited. (Okay, I’m a genea-geek; odd things excite me.) Anyway, this tangential evidence indicates the two brothers likely lived in Brown Township in 1816. Keep in mind, Mathias was between six and ten years of age when his father died and his mother remarried. Could his brother have taken him in?

On another note of discovery, I posed the question in my last post–What happened to Mary and Jacob’s son, Jacob Jr. and his wife Sarah Stoner. Using the Chancery Records as a jumping off place, I discovered that by 1830 Jacob Jr. had left Marion County, OH with his family after his wife died in 1824. He bought land in White Pigeon Township, St Joseph Ct., Michigan right over the border from LaGrange, Indiana. (The land claim indicates he came from Marion Ct., OH) He engaged in some land speculation, naming his residence alternately as Allen (1834) and LaGrange County (1839). While I found less definitive records for Rebecca Croy Stoner, who married John Stoner, Sarah’s brother, her will shows that her life mirrored her brother’s life, owning land in Honey Lake, Michigan; LaGrange, Indiana, and West Unity, Williams Ct., OH.

The rest of the children stayed in Ohio their whole lives. Richard maintained his life in Hudson Township, Portage/Summit County, OH. Margaret, David, Elizabeth and Eleanor stayed near where their mother died in Darby Township, Madison/Union County, OH. (I have no record of Elizabeth after 1830…possible remarriage?) The Chancery Records document Sarah Croy Delong’s death in 1834 in Tuscarawas County, OH. Mathias disappears from Stark County after 1830 and, while other records for a Mathias Croy exist (Shelby Ct), none can be definitively our Mathias.

Next week I complete my review of the Mary Huston Croy/Jacob Croy family, determine next posts, and set some goals for the trip around this family. So far though, because of the Chancery Records and information I’ve already gleaned, I think most of my goals for this family will be to visit some of the places they lived, take photos of their burial sites, and inhale the magic of place.

1816   Mathias Croy marries Susannah Pugh in Brown Township, Stark County, OH[i]

1820   Mother Mary Huston Croy, census Darby Township, Union/Madison Ct.[ii]

1820   Andrew Croy census, Brown Township, Stark Ct. (omitted from previous post-1st OH record)[iii]

1824   Mother Mary Huston Croy dies, Aug 9[iv]

1825   Sarah Stoner Croy: wife of Jacob dies in Marion Ct., after which Jacob goes to Indiana[v]

1826-1830 Mathias Croy Personal Property in Rose Township, Stark Ct., OH (Index info only)[vi]

1828   David Croy marries Sally (Sarah) Wasson Dec 14 Franklin Ct.[vii]

1826-1828 Andrew Croy Personal Property in Brown Township, Stark Ct., OH (Index info only)[viii]

1829 Andrew Croy purchase:E ½ of SE corner of S 17, T16, R7 (Rose Township) Stark Ct.[ix]

1830   Andrew Croy, Personal Property in Rose Township, Stark (Carroll) Ct. (Index info only)[x] Andrew Croy, census, Rose Township, Stark Ct.[xi] Jacob Croy Jr. in Indiana Territory, census, White Pigeon Township, St Joseph Ct., Michigan Territory-very near LaGrange/ Purchased sw ¼ of Section 32, T 7S, R 11W previous residence Marion Ct.. OH[xii] Elizabeth widow of James Russel, census Darby Township, Union Ct. Margaret wife of John Jolly, census, Darby Township, Union Ct. David, Franklin Ct., census, Jerome Township, Union Ct. Eleanor of John Marquis, census, Darby Township, Madison Ct. Richard, census Hudson Township, Portage Ct. Mathias, census, Rose Township, Stark Ct. Rebecca of John Stoner, census Blooming Grove, Richland Ct. Sarah of John Delong, census Dorhman, Tuscarawas Ct.

1832   Carroll County formed of Stark County December 25

1833   Jacob Jr. census Petitioner, St. Joseph Ct., Michigan, Index only[xiii]

1834   Sarah Croy Delong dies Tuscarawas Ct., Chancery Record Jacob Jr. living in Allen Ct., IN purchased land W ½ of NW ¼ S 17 8S 7W subject to sale of White Pigeon Prairie, Michigan Territory land[xivJacob Jr. purchase: W ½ of NE corner of 34, T 38, N of R 10E, LaGrange, Indiana, Aug. 5[xv]

1834-1838 Andrew Croy owned lot in Morges, Carroll County tax records (see Morges for citations)

1839   Jacob Jr. purchase: SE ¼ of SW ¼ of Section 18, T 8S of R8W 40 acres in Bronson Ct.,     Michigan, May 1 Lived in LaGrange, IN[xvi]

1830- 1845 Rebecca Croy Stoner (based on her will, was in Honey Lake, Michigan near White Pigeon, and LaGrange County) Note: She and brother, Jacob, married Stoner brother and sister and moved together[xvii]

[i] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, <i>FamilySearch</i> (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-17790-61816-35?cc=1614804 : accessed 17 January 2016), Stark &gt; Marriage records 1809-1836 vol A &gt; image 43 of 201; county courthouses, Ohio.

[ii] 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Union, Ohio; Page 208; NARA Roll: M33_94; Image:256. Ancestry.com. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.[accessed 4 April 2014]

[iii] 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Stark, Ohio; Page 171; NARA Roll: M33_94; Image:186. Ancestry.com. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.[accessed 14 June 2014]

[iv] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi. Plain City Cemetery, Union County, Ohio

[v] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi. Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Big Island, Marion County, Ohio

[vi] Stark County Tax Records Index, 1826-1830, Compiled by Stephanie M Houck, Stark County District Library, Canton, Ohio, [accessed on-line January 2013]

[vii] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, <i>FamilySearch</i> (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-17759-23666-62?cc=1614804 : accessed 18 January 2016), Franklin &gt; Marriage index and records 1803-1830 vol 2 &gt; image 161 of 181; county courthouses, Ohio.

[viii] See vi

[ix] United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/ Springfield, Virginia; Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States, 2007. [accessed May 2013]

[x] See vi

[xi] 1830 U S Census; Census Place listed (contact me if you want full citation)

[xii] See ix

[xiii] Ancestry.com. Michigan, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1827-1870 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.

[xiv] See ix

[xv] See ix

[xvi] See ix

[xvii] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi. Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Big Island, Marion County, Ohio

Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Six

Maj. Gen. Slocum and staff and army of Georgia passing in review by Mathew Brady

Maj. Gen. Slocum and staff and Army of Georgia passing in review
by Mathew Brady

So what happened to the four brothers serving in the 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company G, after Missionary Ridge? Greer Croy labored in the 36th under Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. Nathan and Calvin, in the 148th, protected the Capital. (see previous post)

Under Sherman, the 92nd would move south. Sherman, promoted by Grant, took command of a “Division of the Mississippi” and, in turn, promoted Major General George H. Thomas, who had distinguished himself in the Chattanooga campaign, to lead the Army of the Cumberland. The taking of Atlanta became their first mission.

Assigned to Thomas, the 92nd moved against Johnston and Hood in the drive to take Atlanta, Georgia. Joining with the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of Ohio, they took the center. Later Grant referred to the battles and consequent siege of Atlanta as a “120 day continuous battle.”

During the day and night of September 1-2 of 1864, Hood evacuated Atlanta. He headed north, hoping to join up with Lee. Rather than follow in mass, Sherman divided up the forces of Thomas’ Army of the Cumberland. Half would go after Hood with Thomas. The rest would head south, supporting Sherman’s mission to cut the South’s supply route. The 92nd went south.

The 92nd OVI again acquired new leadership. They now served under Major General Jefferson Columbus Davis in the 14th Army Corp. They marched under General H.W. Slocum and would man the left wing of Sherman’s March to the Sea. But first they would decimate Atlanta’s infrastructure including railroads and manufacturing. They protected churches and hospitals from destruction.

On November 15, 1864, they headed for Savannah. Most records show that Slocum’s Army of Georgia, taking the left flank, saw little opposition and less fighting. As with so much of the boy’s Civil War service, the exactly role of Robert, William, Duncan, and David Croy in this controversial march remains unknown.

“They had enjoyed a fine march, having had but little resistance. The stories of the mock Legislature at the State capital, of the luxurious supplies enjoyed all along, and of the constant fun and pranks of “Sherman’s bummers,” rather belonged to that route than ours.” Major General of the Army of the Tennessee, Oliver O. Howard[i]
Sherman's Army removing ammunition from Fort McAllister in Savannah by Samuel A. Cooley

Sherman’s Army removing ammunition from Fort McAllister in Savannah by Samuel A. Cooley

On December 21, 1864, after an 11-day siege, Sherman’s army marched into Savannah. The troops again busied themselves either destroying or confiscating the city’s resources. Meanwhile, the ranks needed replenishing. New volunteers came south over a rough and circuitous route. One of the new members traveling to join up with 92nd, Company G was Calvin Croy.[ii]

Again taking the left flank, Slocum’s army moved north following Confederate General Johnston. At Bentonville, North Carolina, on March 19, 1864, the Confederate forces doubled back, surprising them. They fought through the night and nearly lost their position. In the end, Sherman sent reinforcements and Johnston retreated. They joined forces in Goldsboro and Sherman honored Slocum’s army with its official title, “Army of Georgia.”

On the way to Raleigh, on April 12, 1865, Sherman issued a major message. Lee had surrendered at Appomattox! Image the celebration of the five Croy brothers left in the war. Image the joy in Fairfield Township where their wives, children, parents, and brothers waited, one who was recovering from war wounds. The words of Major General Slocum, written some 20 years after the event, might capture the emotion.

“Thoughts of meeting wives, children, and friends from whom they had been so long separated by the bloody struggle, occupied the minds of all. A happier body of men never before surrounded their campfires than were to be found along the roads leading to Raleigh.”[iii]

Then another event required a second message from Sherman. On the way to negotiate the surrender of Johnston, he learned of the assassination of President Lincoln. Under this veil of sorrow, the troops marched to Washington, D.C., burying soldiers left from earlier battles on the way.

The five Croy brothers participated in the Grand Review on May 24, 1865, the last great event of the war. In Slocum’s words, it was not the cavalry or mounted generals that won the greatest applause, but the rank and file soldiers, lovingly called “bummers,” who earned the audience’s greatest admiration.

“At the review the men appeared “in their native ugliness” as they appeared on the march through Georgia and the Carolinas. Their pack- mules and horses, with rope bridles or halters, laden with supplies such as they had carried on the march, formed part of the column.” [iv]

Next post: The aftermath

Note: Excellent resource with many primary sources http://www.armyofgeorgia.com

[i] Howard, Oliver O., Major-General, United States Army, Shermans advance from Atlanta. In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Vol. 4, Century Magazine, New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1887, 663-666. (quote from P 164)
http://www.armyofgeorgia.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/howard_shermans_advance.pdf
[ii] NARA. U.S., Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 (Ancestry.com) T288_105, also Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) pg 755-756 https://openlibrary.org/books/OL6573096M (Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.)
[iii] Slocum, H. W., Major-General, United States Volunteers. Final operations of Shermans Army. In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Vol. 4, Century Magazine, New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1887, 754-758. (quote from p 755) http://www.armyofgeorgia.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/slocum_final_operations.pdf
[iv] Ibid quote from p 758

Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Four

Battle of Chickamauga sketched by J.C. McElroy September 1863

Battle of Chickamauga
sketched by A.R. Waud September 1863

It is September of 1863 and we join five of our seven Croy brothers as they move to capture and protect Chattanooga, Tennessee. As noted in the previous post, Greer Croy of the 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (OVI) and Robert, William, Duncan, and David of the 92nd OVI came together under the Hungarian General Turchin and the Army of the Cumberland. They marched toward Chattanooga and, through a series of maneuvers, outwitted Confederate General Braxton Bragg and occupied the city. General Rosecrans followed Bragg into Tennessee, but rather than retreat, Bragg turned round in a surprise attempt to regain the city he had lost.

The Battle of Chickamauga began in earnest on September 19th and continued through the 20th. I cannot attempt to detail the battle here for lack of time and expertise. Excellent sources for more detail are noted at the end of the post.

The brothers no doubt performed heroically. While the Confederate Army took control of the battle, two thirds of Union rank and file, along with their leadership, fled the field. But under Major General George Thomas (“The Rock of Chickamauga”) Turchin with the 36th and 92nd OVI, held a section called Horseshoe Ridge long enough to prevent a complete rout. The Army of the Cumberland fell back to Chattanooga. Greer Croy worked his way back slowly, wounded for the second time in the war (the first at Antietam.)[i]

The Union cost in dead and wounded was severe. But, because the Rebels did not take advantage and pursue them or take back Chattanooga, it was a positive pivot point for the Western Theatre and the war in general. The Union soldiers could not know this. They would simply try to survive. Stuck in Chattanooga, with the Confederates controlling Lookout Mountain on the south and Mission Ridge (to be called Missionary Ridge) on the east, supplies were squeezed. Half and quarter rations compounded by cold, wet weather challenged morale. They hung on for a month.

At the end of October, in a brilliantly conceived plan, approximately 1,400 men, including the 36th and 92nd, floated down the Tennessee River without a sound, passing under the eyes of Confederates on Lookout Mountain. They set to work building a pontoon bridge and securing Brown’s Ferry, creating a supply line for Chattanooga that the soldiers called “Cracker Bridge.” With Sherman’s Army coming to support them and Grant heading to Tennessee to provide leadership, the brothers readied themselves for next phase of the conflict.

Charge up Mission Ridge Kurz & Allison

Charge up Mission Ridge
Kurz & Allison

Mission Ridge was the controlling high ground and, on November 25, 1863, Grant meant to take it. He did not plan to take it with The Army of the Cumberland, now under Thomas’ leadership. Grant did not hold them in high regard…yet. Where Sherman and Hooker were slow to respond, Thomas was not. The brothers, under Turchin, stormed the ridge with the rest of the Cumberland. They pushed forward and did not stop, leading the charge up the ridge. They won control of the ridge and the strategic staging ground for the war. Among the wounded in the 92nd OVI was young David Croy.[ii]

Grant at Lookout Mountain (A popular point for photographs, one photo found in the book about Crook shows the 36th color guard of Greer Croy on the point, part of the Strayer collection.)

Grant at Lookout Mountain
(A popular point for photographs after the victory at Missionary Ridge, one photo found in the book by Werrell about Crook shows the 36th color guard of Greer Croy on the point, part of the Strayer collection.)

Note: Copyright free photos from Library of Congress Prints and Photographs www.loc.gov/pictures

More on General John (Ivan) Turchin and Nadine Turchin who wrote the only military war diary by a woman in the Civil War: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Turchaninov

Additional resources: Crook’s Regulars,[iii] the Wikipedia link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chickamauga, and Ohio Civil War Central http://www.ohiocivilwarcentral.com

[i] Roster Commission by authority of General Assembly, Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 3 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Pub. & Mfg. Co., 141 and 143 Race St., 1886) p. 669 https://openlibrary.org/books/OL7041537M
[ii] Roster Commission by authority of General Assembly, Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 9 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Pub. & Mfg. Co., 141 and 143 Race St., 1886) Books. Google.com
[iii] Kenneth P. Werrell, Crook’s Regulars: the 36th Ohio in the War of Rebellion (Christianburg, Virginia, KPW, 2012) Note: Most of the detail of the 36th comes from this excellent, self-published book.

Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Three

Transport on the Tennessee River Taylor & Huntington

Transport on the Tennessee River
Taylor & Huntington

Imagine your 16-year-old son telling you that he is going to war. He can stand aside no longer, not while his brother fights in a war consuming the Nation. What do you say or do? If you are Jacob and Margaret Croy, it seems, you send your eldest son along to protect him. You are family. Duncan Croy, age 16, signed up for the war on the same day as his brother Robert, age 28. They volunteered for a three-year term in the 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company G, on August 5, 1862. Greer gave his age as 18. All death, census, and supporting data show his age to be sixteen at the time.[i] Robert, who would muster out as corporal, now had three children between the ages of six and two.

Now imagine these two are your brothers who are joining with another brother already serving in this historic conflict. Do you stay behind? You are young, idealistic, and you are family. William Croy, aged 25, enlisted with the same company in the 92nd only four days later, August 9, 1862. Like brothers Robert and Greer, he would muster out as a corporal. David Croy joined, at 20 years of age, on August 15, 1862. Within a ten-day period, they had all joined the war. Now only Calvin and Nathan stayed home to help their parents and watch after the families of William and Robert. [ii]

The 92nd proceeded to Gallipolis, Ohio for training with Austrian rifled muskets. By October they moved into the Kanawha Valley and into the brigade of General George Crook. With him was Greer Croy, serving in the 36th OVI.

Now the story of five brothers joins, briefly and dramatically. All five brothers now were serving in the war under the same General but in different regiments. They were dispatched by Ohio River transport to Nashville, Tennessee and then on to Carthage. In the two months spent in Carthage, they buried more than 90 men to disease.

In June they headed through endless rain to Big Springs, Tennessee. Here General John Turchin took command. A colorful and portly immigrant from Hungary, he would lead the brothers successfully through the next infamous campaign. First, though he would secure “green corn, blackberries, and fresh vegetables, speedily [eradicate] all traces of scurvy and disease contracted at Carthage…” [iii] His wife, Nadine, who followed him in battle, supported his efforts.

by Alfred Edwards Mathews

by Alfred Edwards Mathews

By September of 1863 the Army of the Cumberland had arrived in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The battles along the Georgia/Tennessee line loomed before them, ones that would tip the scale of the war.

Note: Copyright free photos from Library of Congress Prints and Photographs www.loc.gov/pictures

Next: the 36th OVI and the 92nd OVI in the Battle of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge.

[i] 1860 U.S. census, Fairfield, Washington, Ohio; Roll: M653_1048; Page: 124 Image: 251; Family History Library Film: 805048 from NARA microfilm publication accessed through ancestry.com also 1850, 1870, 1880, 1900. 1910, and death cert.
[ii] Roster Commission by authority of General Assembly, Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 9 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Pub. & Mfg. Co., 141 and 143 Race St., 1886) Books. Google.com
[iii] Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) pg 692 https://openlibrary.org/books/OL6573096M
Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.

“The family became widely scattered.” Part 4

Posted on
The grave of Mary Huston

The grave of Mary Huston

The Huston Sisters’ Journeys: Mary Huston

For twenty-eight years Mary Huston Croy called the enclave at Will’s Creek home. Now, in 1789, her husband Jacob packed up his family and moved on. Did the politics of the day play a part? The new Constitution, Bill of Rights, and President Washington’s election put the new nation on the beginnings of stable footing. Was it simple wanderlust and a sense of adventure? Jacob had served the local militia for nearly ten years and likely enjoyed the regular scouting missions. Did the need to provide for a growing family make the difference? By 1789 Mary was likely pregnant with their sixth child, and no evidence exists of any attempt by Jacob to warrant their Londonderry home. Only Jacob, and maybe Mary, can know; but after 1789 the family disappears from the records of Londonderry Township.

They probably moved to the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River in what would be part of Hopewell Township in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. There, on February 10, 1794, Jacob applied jointly for 100 acres of land with his father-in-law, Alexander Huston. It was his first land warrant and indicated improvements and “Interest to commence from the first day of March 1775,” an indication of its use for 19 years before applying for the warrant.[i]

I postulate that the family, with Alexander’s support, moved to the waters of the Raystown Branch to run a saw or gristmill. The profession seems to have run in the family. Brother Mathias Croy operated a saw and gristmill in Londonderry Township in 1792.[ii] Jacob’s son Andrew, no more than six when they likely moved to the Raystown Branch property, owned a saw and gristmill in Ohio as an adult, and Andrew’s son took over his business.[iii]

The whole Raystown experiment lasted, at most, 10 years. No doubt Mary was lonely. Part of a family of twelve children, the first five no more than five years apart, she would likely yearn for companionship. Perhaps Jacob was restless. Regardless, by 1800, their family, which now included eight children between twenty and three years of age, packed up for the Northwest Territory. Included in the procession were the families of Mary’s sisters, Rachel McClish and Sarah Oswalt, and her brother, David Huston who had married Rebecca Oswalt.iii At least 25 men, women, and children, together or in small family groups, made the journey.

Did they wander for a while looking for a likely home; one abundant with cool, flowing water for mills, livestock, and farming; one with hardwood forests giving off the musky scent of home? Likely. Certainly, during the time it took to finalize surveys, name Ohio the 17th state in the Union (1803,) and designate, the land in which they settled as Columbiana County, Jacob and Mary had created a home.

On a muggy day on August 2nd of 1805, Jacob walked into the Stubenville Land Office to claim Section 29 (a section set aside for Revolutionary War Veterans,) Township 9, Range 8 as his own.[iv] By the time he registered the warrant for his 160 acre plot, part of what would one day be Pike Township, Stark County, Ohio, a great deal had happened in his and Mary’s life. Little David (named after David Huston?) and Margaret were born; his two first-born sons had married and given them their first grandchildren. Their life together, I imagine, bore a joy that only comes from such an increase.

Then, sometime between 1805 and about 1810, Jacob died. Whether it was from the yellow fever that ran rampant at the time, an accident in a harsh land, or a hard life early taken, we can never know. But Mary, left with at least 6 children in her care, needed to stand strong and, in these times, required a man’s help. She soon married a George D. Roberts. No record of him exists beyond the court records filed after alexander Huston’s death in 1814, and, by 1820, she was living independently with her two youngest children in Darby Township, Union County, Ohio, far from the land Jacob had claimed.

From my perspective, there is no evidence of warmth in the brief union of George Roberts and Mary Croy. The boys in the family found solace and support in the families of their spouses. Jacob Croy connected with the Stoner family and, even after his wife died in 1825, joined with Rachael Croy Stoner and John Stoner in Indiana.[v] Richard Croy found work in the burgeoning canal economy of Portage County and moved away completely.[vi] Mathias went with brother Andrew to joined Jacob Oswalt and their Aunt, Rebecca Huston Oswalt, in Rose Township, Stark County.iii This was a logical move since Andrew had married Susannah Oswalt, his “kissing cousin,” and my 3x great grandmother.

Meanwhile the youngest children and Elizabeth, her oldest daughter, rallied round their mother in Union County. They made the county their home and lived by her until she died on August 9, 1824, [vii]19 years and 6 days after Jacob walked into the Stubenville Land Office to make his claim. My her request or from their own understanding, they had these words carved into her gravestone, “In Memory of Mary Croy, Wife of Jacob Croy, Forever in Our Hearts.”

[i] Ancestry.com. Pennsylvania, Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.Original data: Warrant Applications, 1733-1952. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Archives. Land Warrants. Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, PA.
[ii] Londonderry Township Tax Record, 1792 Bedford County Historical Society, Pioneer Library, 6441 Lincoln Highway, Bedford, PA 15522, (814)623-2011.
[iii] Additional information and documentation to follow in a later post.
[iv]Ancestry.com. Early Ohioans’ residences from the land grant records [database on-line]. Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: Riegel, Mayburt Stephenson,. Early Ohioans’ residences from the land grant records. Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1976.
[v] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi. Eagle Cemetery, LaGrange County, Indiana and Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Marion County, Ohio
[vi] Chancery Records Alexander Huston wills Ancestry.com. 1840, 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.Original data: Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. (NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
[vii] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi. Plain City Cemetery, Union County, Ohio

Of Schuyler Ison and Mary Ann Overstreet and Children

detail-plat_book_of_bates_county_missouri_1895-2-copy

Detail of 1895 Plat Map for Summit Twp, Bates Cty, MO showing family parcels of Schuyler and Mary Ann Overstreet Ison

New records appear on-line regularly, so revisiting ancestors often uncovers bits of gold. Considering the new probate records available on Ancestry.com, I decided to take a break from my “should dos” and plug in some names to see what might be new.

First—a little clarification. My grandfather, Justus Leonice Croy, whom I never met, married my grandmother, Mary Elizabeth Ison, a woman for whom I hold just a few very special memories. (More regarding them here.) Grandmother’s parents were Gabriel Ison and Gillie (Gillian) Virginia Morriss (Morris, Morrison).[i] I write this post specifically regarding Gabriel Ison’s father, Schuyler Sterling Ison and mother, Mary Ann Overstreet. [ii]

Why? In my search, I found Schuyler’s probate records![iii] The single page application lists the names of each child and his/her residence:

  • James W Ison, administrator of the estate, residence Bates County, Missouri
  • Mildred Robinson of Bates Cty, MO
  • Heirs [not listed] of William Ison dec. of Magoupin [Macoupin] Cty, Illinois
  • Jane Ison of Bates Cty, MO
  • Elizabeth Ison of Bates Cty, MO
  • Jasper Ison of Bates Cty, MO
  • Gabril [Gabriel] Ison of Bates Cty, MO
  • Heirs[not listed] of Emma Parrine dec. of Magoupin [Macoupin], Illinois
  • Ulisses [Ulysses] Ison of Bates Cty, MO

Schuyler’s wife is listed as Mary Ison. He had no will and the probate application was dated 28 February 1883. Findagrave shows his death date as 24 February 1883.

So what does this clear up, or not?

  • First, it defines precisely the names of all children and the married names of two daughters. The Federal Census, 1880, Summit Twp, Bates County, Missouri[iv] lists Mildred as an Ison and includes five more children listed as his sons and daughters, Nora, F, age 14; Floyd, M, age 11; Schuyler, M, age 9: Dora, F, age 5; Viola, F, age 2. It always seemed suspicious since Schuler and Mary were 62 and 59 respectively at the time, but…now we know they were not their children.
    • So whose children were they? I had long ago checked the Ison boys given the children were listed as Ison. This time I rechecked the married surnames of the daughters listed in probate. Under James Henry ROBERTSON [not Robinson] in the 1870 census,[v] I found Mildred with children SoNORA and James in Grand River Twp, Bates Cty, Mo. While I had this record in my files, I could now confirm the relationship. I found James Henry Robertson in Findagrave where his death certification is included along with a wealth of added information including Mildred’s second marriage to Stephen S. Varns, 22 May 1884.
  • I was unable to find any children or father of Emma Ison Parrine.

And THEN! I figured I’d check to see if Mary Ison had a probate record. No luck, but I found an 1895 Plat Map showing exactly where Mary Ison’s land was in Bates County, MO. Here is a detail of a colored version available through the Missouri State Historical Society…Sections 18 and 19 of Twp 40, Range 30, Summit Township. Gabe Ison is listed here; first I’ve seen the nickname though I suspected it. (Conrad Grape-husband of Elizabeth, Frank Cuddeback-husband of Sonora, Mildred Varnes, U.S. Ison, and Jasper Ison are all family mentioned above.)

So keep looking, keep wondering, and trying new avenues of discovery. You never know what you might find.

[i] Ancestry.com. Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002 [accessed last 26 Aug. 2013 ]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data: Missouri Marriage Records. – Microfilm (1852-1910). Jefferson City, MO, USA: Missouri State Archives. Microfilm
[ii] Ancestry.com. Kentucky, Birth Records, 1847-1911 [accessed last 24 Sept. 2016 ]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007.Original data: Kentucky. Kentucky Birth, Marriage and Death Records – Microfilm (1852-1910). Microfilm rolls #994027-994058. Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives, Frankfort, Kentucky.
[iii] Administrators, Executors, Guardian’s Bonds and Letters, 1854-1914; Author: Missouri. Probate Court (Bates County); Probate Place: Bates, Missouri. Ancestry.com. Missouri, Wills and Probate Records, 1766-1988 [accessed last 26 Sept. 2016]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.
[iv] Year: 1880; Census Place: Summit, Bates, Missouri; Roll: 673; Family History Film: 1254673; Page: 154B; Enumeration District: 156; Image: 0618 Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [Last accessed 26 Sept. 2016].Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
[v] 1870 ; Censusu Grand River, Bates, Missouri: Roll: M593_75B; Page: 55B; Image: 115; Family History Library; Ancestry.com [accessed 15 April 2013, last accessed 26 Sept 2016]

From the “Rolls” of Washington County: The last two “Croy Boys”

Posted on
civil war induction by Hank Cradduck at tt

credit: Hank Craddock

The photo taken at the OGS Society of Civil War Families of Ohio induction ceremony arrived a couple months back. At the time, I was elbow deep in the buckets of information from my trip to Ohio, so just filed it away.

I met Deb Root Shell at this meeting, a serendipitous gift. She pointed me in the direction of the Washington County, Ohio Civil War Rolls tucked away in a manila folder at the Washington County Library Local History and Genealogy Archives. She is in the process of transcribing all of the records into a book. I have already posted transcriptions of five of the seven Croy brothers who served in the Civil War. Today I finish my Washington County posts with the rolls of the last two brothers.

William P. Croy, late of Coshocton County, first bought land in Washington County on 7 February 1853 from Alexander and Sarah Johnson.[i] There were two parcels, one 40 acre parcel, the west portion of section 32, T 6 R 11 and another 5 acres near Cutler, Ohio. His father, mother, and family joined him there before late 1860. He had married Rebecca Jane Huston in Coshocton County on 14 June 1855.[ii] A child, Anderson, was born 12 July 1856.[iii] He was their only child. The information from the “Rolls” is recorded below.

“William Croy, son of Jacob & Margaret Croy, was born in Carrol Co. Oct. 4th 1836. Went from Fairfield Aug. 9th 1862 in Co “G” 92nd O.V.I. Never sick in Hosp, nor wounded, nor captured. Was detached as wagon master during most of the time after May 10th 1864, & was therefore not with the Regt in its subsequent engagements, and did not see it again till he was mustered out with it near Washington D.C. June 10th 1865 Married, & his one child. m. REBECCA J (?) son Anderson (or Andrew) b. ca 1865”[iv]

The last “Croy boy,” (our family still calls them that) was my great-grandfather, Calvin Harrison Croy. I have written extensively in many posts regarding him and included a few pictures, as well. He didn’t marry until after the Civil War, spending time living with his brother Nathan helping with the farm.[v] He then went to Coshocton to work in his Uncle David’s sawmill where he met Sarah Angeline Smith (more on her and her family in my postings as well).[vi] They married in Coshocton on 12 December 1872.[vii] (An interesting aside: I found a scribbled out intent to marry between Calvin and a Rebecca Huston date 6 June 1866…Don’t you wonder?) Here is what was entered in the Rolls right after the war.

“Calvin Croy, son of Jacob & Margaret Croy, was born in Coshoton Co May 13th 1848. Went from Fairfield, (1st) in Co. “F” 148th O.V.I. Was off duty but a day or two through sickness: Come home & was discharged with the Co. at Marietta. Enlisted (2nd) Feb 17th ’65 in Co. “G” 92nd O.V.I., & was transferred at the discharge of that Regt to Co “B” 31st O.V.I. Was never sick during service, excepting seasickness on the passage from N. York to Beauford N.C. Discharged July 20th 1865, Louisville, Ky.”[viii]

Next week I move back in time to what I discovered about the daughters of Alexander and Susannah Croy, the aunts of the Civil War “Croy Boys.” See you then.

[i] Grantee, William Croy; Grantor Alexander/Sarah Johnson; Washington County Court House, Deed book V 46 Pg 332.
[ii] William Croy/Rebecca Huston Marriage Certificate, 14 July 1855; Court of Common Pleas, Coshocton County, Ohio; Certified Copy privately held by Donna Croy Wright, Tollhouse, California, July 2015.
[iii] Soldier’s Certificate No. 695593, William P. Croy, Corporal, Company G, 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, p 20 National Archives, Washington, DC
[iv] Handwritten Roll of Honor document, compiled by Charles Strong Perry, 1865, Washington County Public Library, History and Genealogical Archive, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH. Pg 8.
[v] Year: 1870; Census Place: Fairfield, Washington, Ohio; Roll: M593_1278; Page: 116A; Image: 136035; Family History Library Film: 552777 [accessed thru Ancestry.com 27 September 2012]
[vi] Year: 1880; Census Place: Keene, Coshocton, Ohio; Roll: 1003; Family History Film: 1255003; Page: 115C; Enumeration District: 048; Image: 0234 [accessed thru Ancestry.com 27 September 2012]
[vii] Calvin Croy/Sarah A Smith Certified Copy of Marriage Record, 12 December 1872; privately held by DeBernardi family. Photo held by Donna Croy Wright, Tollhouse, California.
[viii] Handwritten Roll of Honor document, compiled by Charles Strong Perry, 1865, Washington County Public Library, History and Genealogical Archive, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH. Pg 9.