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Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Two

Greer Croy in the 36th OVI during 1861 through 1862 image: by Google earth: landmarks placed by author

Greer Croy in the 36th OVI during 1861 through 1862
image: by Google earth: landmarks placed by author

Margaret kissed her first soldier boy, Greer Croy, good-bye in August of 1861.[i]Jacob surely approved. He prided himself in love of country and service to his fellowman. Greer headed for Parkersville where the 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (OVI) was already training. They drilled with ancient muskets that, in a rare practice session, the soldiers discovered were nearly useless. They considered the leadership useless as well. They moved to Summersville, West Virginia in October of 1861 where they endured diseases including typhus and pneumonia that killed over forty men.They also picked up Enfield rifles, the leadership of Colonel George Crook, and the confidence he and his drilling infused. From October of 1861 through the early part of 1862, they fought a guerilla war with the “bushwackers” who hid in the “bushes” of the Virginias. The men hated it.[ii]

Finally, following a plan formulated by Major General John Fremont, they engaged in their first major battle at Lewisburg, Virginia in May of 1862. They surprised the rebels. In the rout the 36th lost 7 men and the rebels, 60. “…the wounded who were straggling back were ill treated; one shot dead by a citizens.”[iii]

One can imagine Greer Croy being among those greatly upset by these snipers. Colonel Crook managed to temper talk of burning Summersville to ashes and limited the angry retaliation to three homes. The savages of war unleashed, the 36th move on to two significant battles of the war, the Second Bull Run and Antietam.[iv]

At the end of August, 1862 came the Second Battle of Bull Run. Greer’s regiment positioned itself to guard General Pope’s headquarters and rear line. Their orders were to prevent the mass desertions and retreats that occurred in the first Bull Run. In this severe defeat, the 36th saw no combat but worked “arresting stragglers and fugitives from the battle.” [v]

The Battle of Groveton or Second Bull Run by Edwin Forbes

The Battle of Groveton or Second Bull Run by Edwin Forbes

At the famous battle of Antietam, the 36th served under Major General Ambrose Burnside who was charged with taking and holding what came to be known as “Burnside’s Bridge.” The epitaph was disparaging. Due to delays, some say procrastination or indecision, huge casualties occurred there. Crook himself made a major error and arrived with the 36th late and not at, but above, the bridge. Because of this, the 36th was less effective but suffered fewer casualties. One of the wounded was Greer Croy. As part of the color guard, he was particularly vulnerable. With the rest of his comrades, he waited and listened to the overnight cries of the other wounded. Antietum proved one of the costliest battles of the war. Neither side could convincingly claim victory. Meanwhile, to be covered in the next post, brothers Robert, William, David, and Duncan had just joined the Union cause.

Union soldier examining graves at "Burnside's Bridge"

Union soldier examining graves at “Burnside’s Bridge” by Alexander Gardner September 21, 1862

Note #1: Drawing and photograph come from the Library of Congress digital collection:
Note #2: Because of copyright issues, I cannot show the flags carried by Greer Croy or the ones that flew above the 92nd OVI. This excellent site shows them all. Also, for additional Ohio Civil War information, this site by Larry Stevens:
[i] Each of the Croy brother’s documentation cross-referenced with information found in National Archives and Records Administration. U.S. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 (database accessed through T288 roll 105
[ii] Kenneth P. Werrell, Crook’s Regulars: the 36th Ohio in the War of Rebellion (Christianburg, Virginia, KPW, 2012) Note: Most of the detail of the 36th comes from this excellent, self-published book.
[iii] Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) pg 755-756 Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.
[iv] Roster Commission by authority of General Assembly, Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 3 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Pub. & Mfg. Co., 141 and 143 Race St., 1886) p. 669 Note: Volumes include list of battles participated in by the regiment and brief account of each soldier’s enlistment date, age at enlistment, length of enlistment, and discharge date, rank, and circumstances.
[v] Werrell, Crook’s Regulars, pg 53


Missouri bound Part 3: The Ely Family heads to Kentucky

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Kentucky 1793

This map is from 1793, about the time the Ely Family moved to Kentucky. Want a close up version? You can find it at The Library of Congress Maps Division.

There is safety as well as security in numbers, and before the advent of the railroad and adequate communication systems, most families moved in groups, an important consideration when researching. The Ely, Judy, and Utterback families were no exception. As I continued cleaning up my information (in anticipation of a hiatus from fact finding to focus on fiction) the probing of proximity became my go-to tool.

First, a reminder, my current cleanup centers on the family of my great-great grandmother Gillian Virginia Morris who married Gabriel Ison. They are the parents of my grandmother Mary Elizabeth Ison. The two previous posts (Parts 1 and 2) outlined new and reviewed information on the Morris and Salling (Sally) family who ended up in Chariton and Ralls County, Missouri. Gillian’s parents were Peter Philander Morris and Elizabeth Ely. So what do we know about this Ely family?

Isaac Ely arrived in Hampshire County, (West) Virginia by 1767. He purchased a land grant from Lord Fairfax on either side of the Cacaphon (Cacapon) River at this time, this according to many genealogies providing very accurate detail. Lord Fairfax was “Baron of Cameron in that part of Great Britain called Scotland” so most of his grants were given to those loyal to him, usually of Scottish descent. I have yet to find the document for this land grant. Still, Isaac’s will, which I will discuss later, verifies the information.

On or about 1777, Benjamin Ely, Isaac Ely’s only son, married Mary Scott whose father was also a landholder in Hampshire County. William Scott’s will, dated November 22, 1767, divided his estate equally between Mary and his wife Sarey (Sarah).[i] Isaac Ely witnessed the will. On February 9, 1779, Sarey and Mary transferred the rights to 96 acres on both sides of Little Cacapehon, which had been surveyed on May 22, 1755, for Mary’s father William Scott.[ii] Benjamin had also purchased 30 acres on both sides of Little Cacapehon Creek on July 29, 1778,[iii] and 426 acres on the waters of the Old Road Run and Buffaloe Gap Run on December 6, 1778.[iv]

Three important asides regarding research in general:

  1. I discovered Benjamin’s grants at the Library of Virginia website while looking for the 1767 purchase under the NECK… Never underestimate the value of the University of Virginia site for VA research. It is invaluable.
  2. The Ohio Genealogical Society offered a one-year FREE subscription to Find My Past to all members. The more sites to search the better. Have I told you lately how much I love OGS?
  3. The New Newberry Library Atlas of Historical County Boundaries is back on-line. This fabulous interactive resource helped me determine the following Bourbon County/Clark County link.

By 1791, based on the Kentucky Early Census Index, Benjamin Ely move his family to Bourbon County, Kentucky. It is no wonder that his father gave 1/3 of his Hampshire County Estate to his wife Sarah, a sum of 10 pounds to his only son Benjamin, and the rest of his estate to William, IF he stayed on the Hampshire land grant. It was William alone who registered his grandfather Isaac Ely’s will in the county court on February 15, 1796, soon after his death.[v]

The 1800 Kentucky Tax List includes Benjamin Ely on the Clark County rolls as well as Isaac Ely. This Isaac was Benjamin’s oldest son next to William. Isaac was also his grandfather’s namesake and my 3x great grandfather. He had just married a Mary Polly Judy in 1798.

Finding the October 13, 1798, marriage record for Isaac Ely and Mary Judy[vi] was a major accomplishment—well, actually it was pure serendipity. While painstakingly sifting through the Clark County, Kentucky records for 1798 one-by-one, I discovered it, with oddly spelled surnames.Mary Juda and Isaac Raly marriage 1798 copy

On another note of serendipity, my own nearly marriage of nearly 47 years began on October 13th just like Isaac and Mary Polly Judy Ely.

The Ely family and the Judy family lived just miles apart, both in Clark County. As I’ve said many times, place matters.

Next week: the Judy family and the Ely family’s move to Missouri.

Meanwhile, I’ve completed my update to the Morris(s), Ely, Judy, and Utterback family sheets. You can find them here and on the new Convergence on Missouri tab at the top of the page.

[i] William Scott will, 22 November 1767 image 1037-8 Wills; Author: Hampshire County (West Virginia). Clerk of the County Court; Probate Place: Hampshire, West Virginia West Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1724-1985 [2017]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2015.
[ii] Grant
[iii] Grant
[iv] Grant
[v] Isaac Ely will, posted 15 February 1796 image 1037-8 Wills; Author: Hampshire County (West Virginia). Clerk of the County Court; Probate Place: Hampshire, West Virginia West Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1724-1985 [2017]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2015.
[vi] Isaac Raly and Mary Juda Marriage 13 October 1798 image 90; Kentucky County Marriages, 1797-1954 FamilySearch database with images; Madison County Courthouse, Richmond.

Missouri Bound Part 2: Thomas Morris of Rockbridge County, Virginia

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morris-marriageOver the last two weeks, I watched the mailbox, expecting for an envelope from Rockbridge Circuit Court containing the marriage bond records of Thomas H. Morris and Malinda Salling Morris. I knew they held the name of Malinda’s father, Peter Salling (see previous posting), but I hoped it would provide me with the identity of Thomas H. Morris’s parents. The Virginia marriage bonds often are a family affair. The envelope came. No luck.

Next step, analyze all the information I have collected to see what it revealed. I had two goals: determine the parentage and pinpoint the date Thomas H. and Malinda moved to Missouri. Here is what I did.

  1. Organize all marriage information into a table.
  2. Organize census information by year for Rockbridge County, VA, Ralls and Chariton (Howard) County, MO 1810-1840
  3. Compare it with miscellaneous information gathered from written histories and Chancery documents.

What did I discover?

  1. As yet, the parentage of Thomas H. Morris is unknown, but I suspect it is John Morris, likely son of Thomas Morris and Elizabeth. My rational: 3 1810 records show a male of Thomas’s age (about 12). Two of those men were children of Mark Morris: William and David. (Note: there are other scenarios, based on naming patterns. I do not know who Mark’s parents were, though likely Thomas and Elizabeth.
  2. They moved to Missouri between 1841 and October 1849.Thomas H. appears on the 1850 census for Howard County, Missouri. A careful reading of the 1841 Chancery records for Malinda’s father Peter shows he was present at the proceedings while Malinda’s brother, John Adam was not there. Lucinda Morris, daughter of Thomas H. and Malinda, married Congrave Warden in Howard County, 1849.

In 1778, when Rockbridge County formed, two families of note owned tithable land in the county, both near the Rock Bridge formation that gave the county its name. George Salling (Salley, Sally) owned two plots and Thomas Morris owned one. These pioneers and their wives populated the county with many children. I focused on George in the last post. Now let’s look at Thomas.

Thomas Morris, from an analysis of marriage bonds and Chancery records, had eleven children: Benjamin, John, Joseph, George, Margaret (Peggy), Agatha, Nancy Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah, and Elijah. Mark may also be one of their children. Oddly, I found no Thomas of the appropriate age. It is from this family, somehow, that Thomas H. sprung.

A glutton for detail? Find my analysis here.morris-analysis

Missouri Bound: Out of Rockbridge County, Virginia Part I


I was Just Plain Wrong

In my New Year’s quest to review all my family records for accuracy, I turned to my grandmother, Mary Elizabeth Ison’s ancestry. Her parents Gabriel Ison and Gillian (Gillie) Virginia Morris(s) married in Missouri.[i] Gillie was the daughter of Peter Philander Morris and Elizabeth Ely.[ii] I’ll delve into the Ison, Morris, and Ely family history and how they came to Missouri in later posts. This is just Part I of my efforts to rectifying any abuses of the following rules of genealogical research:

  1. Never rely on another researcher’s family tree without looking for documentation.
  2. Always back-up your work with documentation or a triangulated proof.
  3. Use “Find-a-grave” for information on photographed and marked graves only. Otherwise refer to #1.

Gillie’s father Peter Philander Morris was the son of Thomas H. Morris and Malinda Salling.[iii] In previous posts I stated Malinda’s father to be George Salling, right family wrong sibling. This post repairs that error and provides just a smattering of amazing information I’ve discovered as I researched her ancestry.

Malinda Salling was born to Peter Salling and Rebecca Holms[iv] on March 19, 1803 (ca).[v] How do I know this? Because I just finished analyzing 1,126 pages of Chancery documents available at the Library of Virginia website.

An aside: I find Chancery documents in which inheritance issues, often complex, are ironed out, often over extended periods of time to be the genealogical mother lode. If you have any Virginia ancestors, check out this site.

Let’s Start at the Beginning with the Patriarch: John Peter Salling

John Peter Salling arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733 with wife Anna Maria Vollmar and children Elizabeth and Anna Catharina. [vi] On 14 November 1735, he filed a warrant for 250 acres of land on Conestoga Creek in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.[vii]

Then: “In the year 1740, I came from Pennsylvania to the part of Orange County now called Augusta; and settled in a fork of the James River close under the Blue Ridge Mountains of the West side, where I now live.”[viii]

This passage comes from John Peter’s recollections of his capture by Indians, his transfer into the hands of the French, and his eventual recovery by the British Navy and his return to “Charles Town.” (For more on his crazy adventure go to the link cited in endnotes.) An Index of his will names one son besides the daughters who came from Northern Alsace (Germany) with him, that son is George Adam Salling.[ix]

The Family of George Adam Salling

From the Chancery Document of Augusta County, Virginia, we know that George Adam Salling of Orange County, North Carolina bought and transferred a warrant for 200+ acres to George Salling on the first bend of the James River.[x] Biographical information in A History of Rockbridge County says George Adam moved to North Carolina about 1760. He must have returned to Rockbridge or was simply cleaning up old warrants, as his will is recorded in August County (the land in what would be Rockbridge County, VA). It provides for the same 200+ acres for George and is “proved” 1 June 1789, about a year after George Adam Sallings death.

The Chancery records include an incomplete copy of the will of George Adam Salling, 1788. It lists his male offspring: Henry, Peter, and George. He leaves use of the meadow and the house to his wife Hannah along with the use of Henry’s portion of the plantation until he reaches maturity. He declares that the plantation at the fork of the James and North Rivers with three hundred sixty odd acres and meadow be divided equally between sons Henry and Peter (the quality of the division the reason for the dispute). He gives two hundred twenty acres to son George. With wife Hannah to “support that part of my unmarried children who may chuse to continue with her and likewise to give them the necessary schooling.”[xi]

The above statement indicates additional children. Virginia marriage bonds are family affairs, often listing the parentage of both bride and groom. I was able to add Magdalen, Elizabeth, Peggy, and Hannah.[xii] George Salling who married Matilda 19 January 1791 and moved to Gate City, Scott county, Virginia between 1810 and 1820. (This is the George I incorrectly designated as Malinda’s father.)

Thanks to the extraordinary effort of Marilyn Headley and Angela Ruley. They digitalized the Rockbridge County Marriage Bonds, 1778-1801. A great resource,

The Children of Henry and Peter Salling

For this portion, let me introduce you to Peter A. Salling, the son of Peter Salling, and he had a mission: to acquire the whole of the estate of George Salling. He and his wife, Aurelia Paxton had no children aside from Aurelia’s neice whom they adopted. It seems tradition was important to Peter A., so he left his substantial estate to his namesake nephew, Peter A. Salling.

rockbridge-county-detailThe “Mrs Salling” at the Fork of the James and North River is Aurelia, the last owner of the Salling Plantation.

The ins and outs of his complicated acquisitions and the dispersals at his and Aurelia’s death led to four separate Chancery filings over fifty years. From these records we know:

  • Henry Salling (of George) married Lucy and had children: Lucy, Mary Polly, Hannah, Magdalene, George Jackson, Lavinia, Henry, and Benjamin. Henry died in 1834.[xiii]
  • Peter Salling (of George) married Rebecca Holms and had children: John, Rebecca wife of William Harrison, Malinda wife of Thomas H Morris (Happy Dance!), and Mary Ann deceased who had children by a Goodwin (George W., Harriet wife of William Wasky, Peter A (the namesake), Robert B, John, and Rebecca wife of David Ely who died after her Grandfather Peter who died in 1839[xiv]

As you can imagine, the 1, 126 pages of information holds gems galore. One page of interest lists the names of Negros to be distributed to the heirs as exchange for their share of plantation land. Thomas H. Morris, Malinda’s husband, took his share in slaves.[xv] slave-dist-morrisInsights into farming, husbandry, life in Texas, and changes brought by the Civil War comes to life in these pages. I can only say—again—if you have any ancestors in Virginia and know the county of origin, check out the Library of Virginia.

Next week: Thomas H. Morris and who moved to Missouri…

[i] Marriage License of Gabriel Ison and Gillian Morris Missouri, Marriage Records, 1805-2002 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2007. Original data: Missouri Marriage Records. Jefferson City, MO, USA: Missouri State Archives. Microfilm.
[ii] Census record of Peter P. Morris Year: 1870; Census Place: Township 55 Range 19, Chariton, Missouri; Roll: M593_768; Page: 362B; Image: 63785; Family History Library Film: 552267 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
[iii] Peter Philander Morris Death Certificate #9537 (T.H. Morris and Malinda Salling parents)
[iv] Peter Salling/Rebecca Holms marriage bond 9 April 1787, Rockbridge County Marriage Bonds, 1778-1801, digitalized at
[v] Malinda H. Morris Find A Grave Memorial# 37019534, Brunswick City Cemetery, Brunswick Township, Chariton County, Missouri.
[vi] Burgert, Annette K. Eighteenth Century emigrants from the Northern Alsace to America. Camden, ME: Picton Press, 1992. Pg. 416; Ancestry. Com. U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index.
[vii] Pennsylvania, Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012.Original data: Warrant Applications, 1733-1952. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Archives.
[viii] The Journal of John Peter Salling, transcribed by L.S. Workman from The Annals of an American Family by E. Wadell
[ix] Virginia, Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, 1639-1850. Orignial data: Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965. Originally published in 1912. NOTE: I did not find this record in the Library of Virginia Chancery Records.
[x] Index # 1818-104, Augusta Co. Henry Salling vs. Peter Salling. Library of Virginia Digital Collection: Chancery Record Index, pg. 68.
[xi] Ibid. pg 27.
[xii] Rockbridge County Marriage Bonds, 1778-1801. All found under “M”
[xiii] Index # 1840-028, Rockbridge Co. Peter A. Salling vs. heirs of Henry Salling. Library of Virginia Digital Collection: Chancery Record Index, pg. 3.
[xiv] Index # 1841-019, Rockbridge Co. John Salling vs. heirs of Peter Salling. Library of Virginia Digital Collection: Chancery Record Index.
[xv] Ibid pg 27

Two Croy Daughters and Two Russel Men

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STLRrussAfter welcoming six boys into their family, Andrew and Susannah (Oswalt) Croy (my 3x great grandparents) finally held a girl child. Mary Croy (named for her grandmother, Mary Huston Croy) was born sometime in 1813 in Carroll County, Ohio.[i] She married Robert Russell of Monroe Township on 20 January 1835.[ii] His father owned a farm near DellRoy, Ohio (spelled variously Del Roy and DelRoy, in records) from about 1812.[iii] Mary joined Robert in Monroe Township and they farmed next door to his brother Matthew until their deaths, Mary on 11 June 1871 and Robert on 29 March 1890.[iv] His obituary appears here.[v]

6 Robert obit

An April 2 entry in the same paper indicated he died of “La grippe”

Matthew Russell married Mary’s sister Margaret, the only other daughter of Andrew and Susannah. He followed her to White Eyes Township in Coshocton County after Andrew took his family there in 1839. He married her in that county on 18 August 1840.[vi] She returned with him to live next to her sister on Matthew and Robert’s family farm. They lived on the farm until their deaths, she on 29 November 1895[vii] and he on 29 August 1881.[viii] 8 matthew russel obitWhen he died he left a probate record, transcribed in part here.

“I give and bequeath to Margaret Russel my beloved wife all my property personal and Real Estate to have and hold during her natural life time including all notes and claims with privaledge [sic]to sell od said stock and grain from time to time as she may decide best to do and apply the money to pay the Debts as they become due and to keeping the farms in repair paying the taxes that may become due from time to time and all other claims…When my wife Margaret Russel has become deceased Then all of said property Real and personal that Remains to be Sold and divided…sealed this 23rd day of August A.D. 1884 Matthew [his mark] Russel”

The will detailed how moneys would be divided amongst his children based on moneys already lent. The children listed, all of Dell Roy included Jackson Russell, Mary Dutenhaver, Amanda J Trushel, Susan Allen, John Russell, and William Russell whom he requested continue to live with Margaret to assist in the maintenance of the farm.[ix] Andrew and Susannah turned to these two families in their final years, moving to live with them after 1856.[x]

[i] Russell, Mary, Record of Deaths, Probate Court, in and for Carroll County, State of Ohio, 1872; housed in Carroll County Genealogical Society, PO Box 36, Carrollton, OH, pg 36, #98.7. (Note: the only official document I have found that lists Andrew and Susannah as the parents of any of their children.) and Russell Gravestones, St. Luke Cemetery, Monroe Township, DelRoy, Ohio; Row 4 #27 (Note: Often a gravestone in this cemetery is sited as that of Mary Russel of Matthew Russel. It is not. The gravestone marks an infant death of Mary and Robert’s child.)
[ii] Robert Russell/Mary Croy, Marriage record v 1 July 1833- Aug 1849 LP 343, housed in Carroll County Genealogical Society, PO Box 36, Carrollton, OH pg 38
[iii] Matthew Russell obituary, Carroll Chronicle, 2 September 1881; housed in Carroll County Genealogical Society, PO Box 36, Carrollton, OH, Pg 35.
[iv] See i
[v] Robert Russell obituary, Carroll Chronicle, 9 April 1890; housed in Carroll County Genealogical Society, PO Box 36, Carrollton, OH.
[vi] See iii and “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch ( : 15 July 2014), Coshocton > Marriage licenses 1837-1854 > image 27 of 71; county courthouses, Ohio.
[vii] Russell Gravestones, St. Luke Cemetery, Monroe Township, DelRoy, Ohio; Row 4 #27
[viii] Ibid and Russell, Matthew, Record of Deaths, Probate Court, in and for Carroll County, State of Ohio, 1872; housed in Carroll County Genealogical Society, PO Box 36, Carrollton, OH, pg 98, #131.
[ix] Matthew Russell, recorded 24 September 1881, Carroll county, Ohio Wills and Estates, Probate Record G pg 120 Packet 3252.
[x] Deed: Andrew Croy to David Reed; Coshocton County Deed Book, V 31, Pg 754; Coshocton County Records Office, Coshocton, OH.

From the “Rolls” of Washington County: The last two “Croy Boys”

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civil war induction by Hank Cradduck at tt

credit: Hank Craddock

The photo taken at the OGS Society of Civil War Families of Ohio induction ceremony arrived a couple months back. At the time, I was elbow deep in the buckets of information from my trip to Ohio, so just filed it away.

I met Deb Root Shell at this meeting, a serendipitous gift. She pointed me in the direction of the Washington County, Ohio Civil War Rolls tucked away in a manila folder at the Washington County Library Local History and Genealogy Archives. She is in the process of transcribing all of the records into a book. I have already posted transcriptions of five of the seven Croy brothers who served in the Civil War. Today I finish my Washington County posts with the rolls of the last two brothers.

William P. Croy, late of Coshocton County, first bought land in Washington County on 7 February 1853 from Alexander and Sarah Johnson.[i] There were two parcels, one 40 acre parcel, the west portion of section 32, T 6 R 11 and another 5 acres near Cutler, Ohio. His father, mother, and family joined him there before late 1860. He had married Rebecca Jane Huston in Coshocton County on 14 June 1855.[ii] A child, Anderson, was born 12 July 1856.[iii] He was their only child. The information from the “Rolls” is recorded below.

“William Croy, son of Jacob & Margaret Croy, was born in Carrol Co. Oct. 4th 1836. Went from Fairfield Aug. 9th 1862 in Co “G” 92nd O.V.I. Never sick in Hosp, nor wounded, nor captured. Was detached as wagon master during most of the time after May 10th 1864, & was therefore not with the Regt in its subsequent engagements, and did not see it again till he was mustered out with it near Washington D.C. June 10th 1865 Married, & his one child. m. REBECCA J (?) son Anderson (or Andrew) b. ca 1865”[iv]

The last “Croy boy,” (our family still calls them that) was my great-grandfather, Calvin Harrison Croy. I have written extensively in many posts regarding him and included a few pictures, as well. He didn’t marry until after the Civil War, spending time living with his brother Nathan helping with the farm.[v] He then went to Coshocton to work in his Uncle David’s sawmill where he met Sarah Angeline Smith (more on her and her family in my postings as well).[vi] They married in Coshocton on 12 December 1872.[vii] (An interesting aside: I found a scribbled out intent to marry between Calvin and a Rebecca Huston date 6 June 1866…Don’t you wonder?) Here is what was entered in the Rolls right after the war.

“Calvin Croy, son of Jacob & Margaret Croy, was born in Coshoton Co May 13th 1848. Went from Fairfield, (1st) in Co. “F” 148th O.V.I. Was off duty but a day or two through sickness: Come home & was discharged with the Co. at Marietta. Enlisted (2nd) Feb 17th ’65 in Co. “G” 92nd O.V.I., & was transferred at the discharge of that Regt to Co “B” 31st O.V.I. Was never sick during service, excepting seasickness on the passage from N. York to Beauford N.C. Discharged July 20th 1865, Louisville, Ky.”[viii]

Next week I move back in time to what I discovered about the daughters of Alexander and Susannah Croy, the aunts of the Civil War “Croy Boys.” See you then.

[i] Grantee, William Croy; Grantor Alexander/Sarah Johnson; Washington County Court House, Deed book V 46 Pg 332.
[ii] William Croy/Rebecca Huston Marriage Certificate, 14 July 1855; Court of Common Pleas, Coshocton County, Ohio; Certified Copy privately held by Donna Croy Wright, Tollhouse, California, July 2015.
[iii] Soldier’s Certificate No. 695593, William P. Croy, Corporal, Company G, 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, p 20 National Archives, Washington, DC
[iv] Handwritten Roll of Honor document, compiled by Charles Strong Perry, 1865, Washington County Public Library, History and Genealogical Archive, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH. Pg 8.
[v] Year: 1870; Census Place: Fairfield, Washington, Ohio; Roll: M593_1278; Page: 116A; Image: 136035; Family History Library Film: 552777 [accessed thru 27 September 2012]
[vi] Year: 1880; Census Place: Keene, Coshocton, Ohio; Roll: 1003; Family History Film: 1255003; Page: 115C; Enumeration District: 048; Image: 0234 [accessed thru 27 September 2012]
[vii] Calvin Croy/Sarah A Smith Certified Copy of Marriage Record, 12 December 1872; privately held by DeBernardi family. Photo held by Donna Croy Wright, Tollhouse, California.
[viii] Handwritten Roll of Honor document, compiled by Charles Strong Perry, 1865, Washington County Public Library, History and Genealogical Archive, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH. Pg 9.

ON THE ROAD (Part 4) Honoring a Mother’s Sacrifice

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Donna Croy Wright at GGgrandparents graveHere I stand, next to the stone marker of Margaret Pugh Croy and her husband, Jacob Croy. In Jacob’s obituary, he is honored as a “true lover of his country” having had “seven sons in the Civil War at one time.” But on this Mother’s Day, I especially wanted to honor Margaret. Imagine her angst and worry, unable to read or write any letter–if one came at all. She bore them and raised them and watched them march away. Each one came back–with hearing loss, tuberculosis, a crippled leg, torn muscles, and torn hearts. But they all came back, though two would die before her, late casualties of the conflict. My heart goes out to her this day. And to the protective arms of mothers everywhere.[i]

[i] Not a post for citations really, but if you are interested, they can be found by searching “Civil War” found in the left hand column.

ON THE ROAD (Part 3) The Kindness of Strangers–Not so strange in Ohio

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barn without manAs I prepare for the last leg of my Ohio travels, down to the banks of the Ohio in Washington County, one truth holds. Like an invisible fifth sense or a magnetic force, my desire to connect to family, place and history has rendered a wealth of now-time, and very human, connections. Ohio abounds with warm, generous people who love their history and work to preserve it. I have attracted them to me with uncanny genealogical serendipity.

When I attended the banquet where I was inducted into the Society of Civil War Families of Ohio, what uncanny coincidence made me sit next to a woman who had an ancestor who both served in the 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and was wounded at the Battle of Cedar Creek and transferred to the same hospital in Baltimore, Maryland as mine? At the same banquet, after the induction ceremony, a second woman came up to me and said, “We need to talk.” Deb Root Shell, a generous, friendly example of Ohio hospitality, had Washington County, Ohio ancestors and, over a week of e-mails, provided invaluable suggestions, encouragement, and shared knowledge. (She is a writer and amazing researcher in her own right, with an important book and transcription project in the works. More on that, and maybe a guest blog later.) Sure, those connections are logical. I was at a Genealogy conference focusing on Ohio. But how about this.

After a hilarious interaction at Canal Lewisville, where I took pictures at the cemetery, and photographed the lots where my grandfather’s paternal grandparents lived, only to have a man run out shirtless in his pajama bottoms because he thought I was taking pictures for a foreclosure (long story…yes I got permission but from the wrong person), I drove, with a little zigging and zagging, to Oak Grove Cemetery, located on a backroad in White Eyes Township.

I was a little wary due to my previous encounter. It was right on someone’s farm. Music from a radio drifted out of a large work shed, so I walked up and peeked in. No one was there, not that I could see, and a big “No Trespassing” sign was stuck to the window, so I went back to take pictures. When a tall, lanky man ambled over, I worried. But, no need. We talked for a good 40 minutes about the history of the area. He loved his farm and the history of the place, and maintained the small cemetery, even apologizing for the condition of the well-maintained little place. (More on that when I get back and write out the details of what I found.)

Finally, the amazing story of the picture at the top of the page. I next set out to find the actual site of the saw and gristmill of Andrew Croy, my 3x great-grandfather. I knew the section, range, and township. I also knew it was a mile beyond Fresno, Ohio. (Yes, for my local followers, they have a Fresno. But it is a quaint little burg, not a city like ours.) I drove the back, winding, and undulating road to where I thought it was. Then, unsure, I pulled off…lost? A man pulled up next to me in a pickup truck. I felt more confident after my last experience, that is if it is possible feel confidently lost. I got out of the car and went up to explain. As I did a look came over him. He turned his head to the side.

“Follow me to my house,” he said. It turns out he owned the property on which the mill of Andrew Croy had stood. He invited me in. We shared. His wife had passed from cancer two years before, and he lived alone. We got in his “buggy,” a 4 x 4 Kubota, and he took me to the site he suspected the mill had been, now confirmed by my information. He showed me the barn, built in 1872. He had moved it from the road and renewed the foundation, saving out and including the old foundation date markers. It would have cost him less to just tear it down and build another, but… The Amish quilt marker on the barn was a duplicate of one of his ancestor’s quilts. Then he sent me off with a pint of his home rendered maple syrup. I don’t know how I will get it home, but I will. And I will write. Because now is as important as then.

ON THE ROAD (Part 2) Coshocton County

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DSCN0203I stand at the remnants of the Ohio-Erie Canal in Coshocton County, Ohio near the restored old Roscoe Village, a dogwood and redbud dotted treasure through which the Walhonding and Tuscarawas rivers flow and join to become the Muskingum. Coshocton County was home, at one time or another between the 1820’s and 1880’s, to my great grandfather and his parents and grandparents, my great grandmother and her parents and grandparents, AND my great grandmother’s husband’s family. Wow!

So yesterday I spent the day at the Coshocton County Library in Coshocton, Ohio. The library spawned library-envy in me, as it would in all my Friends of the Auberry Library family. A long span of oak pillared, carved oak trimmed alcoves with a naturally lit reading corner at one end and a great family history collection at the other greeted me, as did a fabulous staff.

After seven hours, I had found clues to a brick wall (begging research when I return), excellent books for each township mapping the graveyards, and a reminder of how much I dislike microfilm. But in one of the graveyard books someone threw in a treasure.[i] Here is an excerpt, and there is more…this is just a piece.

“The first [mill] was located on the Ed Steiner farm, one mile north of Avondale, now Fresno. It was built in 1832 by Thomas Diehl and had an undershot wheel sixteen (16) feet in diameter and about three (3) feet wide… Its two stories towered above the wooded slopes of historic White Eyes creek and stood on a foundation 32 x 40 feet…The mill was purchased by Andy Croy, father of the late David Croy in 1839 and operated by him for 16 years.”

My finds will require some contemplation and additional research, but I will write about them when I can find time for both. Meanwhile, after a last bit of Coshocton grave and land hopping, I take what I’ve learned and drive back in time to Stark and Carroll County where the first known Jacob Croy and his wife, Mary Huston Croy arrived, probably by 1798.

[i] White Eyes Township, Coshocton County: Cemeteries…, Coshocton County Chapter, OGS, P.O. Box 128, Coshocton, Ohio, Pg 174: housed at the Coshocton County Library, Family History Collection.

Mary and Jacob and Progeny: Part 2

Mathias marriageIn my last post I began to analyze my records regarding Mary Huston Croy and Jacob Croy, my 4x great-grandparents and children and covered the period from first record in Ohio to 1824. Because, Ohio did not require the recording of births and deaths before 1867 and detailed familial information did not appear on census records until 1850 (with familial relationships appearing in 1880), definitive information regarding family relationships before those dates must be extracted mostly from probate, church, or family records. Tax and census records are useful (very useful in my opinion) for determining residency, movement, and proximal relationships, but cannot “prove” familial ties. I constantly thank John Huston for obstinately pursuing his interest in his mother’s land (over fifteen years after his father’s death, more on that here.) The lengthy report contains important information and also provides clues for investigation. In this post I continue my analysis from 1824-1839, with a little early overlap to include some added discoveries.

Let’s begin with an overview of the information on my 3x great grandfather, Andrew Croy. He first shows up in tax records, 1826-1828, for Brown Township, Stark County, right across the border from Rose Township where his wife, Susannah Oswalt’s family settled. On April 2, 1829 he purchased land in Rose Township where, besides his wife’s family, his brother Mathias lived. He appears on the 1830 census for Rose Township, and owned a lot in the town of Morges in Rose Township from 1834-1838. (Check out the Morges years here.)

I was unable to find a marriage record for Andrew Croy and Susannah Oswalt. (We know they were married thanks to the Chancery Records.) Under the premise that they might have been overlooked in indexing, I decided to scrutinize the Ohio marriage records on Family Search. They would likely have married between 1798 and 1801, (the home of the extended family was in Jefferson County at the time.) I checked the on-line FamilySearch marriage records for Jefferson and discovered deteriorated 1798 to 1803 records with many missing pages. I did not find their marriage records, probably because they were lost or not recorded.

One tip given to genealogists is to go beyond indexes and find the original documents. I decided to look for every original marriage record for the family using FamilySearch. I found all the Ohio Genealogical Society indexed records there except Elizabeth Croy and David Devore, 1798. The big reveal came when I found the record shown above. It indicates that Andrew’s brother, Mathias, was married in Brown Township, Stark County. It is very rare for these records to include the township (and, as an aside, to be recorded by a man with the same last name as the bride), so I was very excited. (Okay, I’m a genea-geek; odd things excite me.) Anyway, this tangential evidence indicates the two brothers likely lived in Brown Township in 1816. Keep in mind, Mathias was between six and ten years of age when his father died and his mother remarried. Could his brother have taken him in?

On another note of discovery, I posed the question in my last post–What happened to Mary and Jacob’s son, Jacob Jr. and his wife Sarah Stoner. Using the Chancery Records as a jumping off place, I discovered that by 1830 Jacob Jr. had left Marion County, OH with his family after his wife died in 1824. He bought land in White Pigeon Township, St Joseph Ct., Michigan right over the border from LaGrange, Indiana. (The land claim indicates he came from Marion Ct., OH) He engaged in some land speculation, naming his residence alternately as Allen (1834) and LaGrange County (1839). While I found less definitive records for Rebecca Croy Stoner, who married John Stoner, Sarah’s brother, her will shows that her life mirrored her brother’s life, owning land in Honey Lake, Michigan; LaGrange, Indiana, and West Unity, Williams Ct., OH.

The rest of the children stayed in Ohio their whole lives. Richard maintained his life in Hudson Township, Portage/Summit County, OH. Margaret, David, Elizabeth and Eleanor stayed near where their mother died in Darby Township, Madison/Union County, OH. (I have no record of Elizabeth after 1830…possible remarriage?) The Chancery Records document Sarah Croy Delong’s death in 1834 in Tuscarawas County, OH. Mathias disappears from Stark County after 1830 and, while other records for a Mathias Croy exist (Shelby Ct), none can be definitively our Mathias.

Next week I complete my review of the Mary Huston Croy/Jacob Croy family, determine next posts, and set some goals for the trip around this family. So far though, because of the Chancery Records and information I’ve already gleaned, I think most of my goals for this family will be to visit some of the places they lived, take photos of their burial sites, and inhale the magic of place.

1816   Mathias Croy marries Susannah Pugh in Brown Township, Stark County, OH[i]

1820   Mother Mary Huston Croy, census Darby Township, Union/Madison Ct.[ii]

1820   Andrew Croy census, Brown Township, Stark Ct. (omitted from previous post-1st OH record)[iii]

1824   Mother Mary Huston Croy dies, Aug 9[iv]

1825   Sarah Stoner Croy: wife of Jacob dies in Marion Ct., after which Jacob goes to Indiana[v]

1826-1830 Mathias Croy Personal Property in Rose Township, Stark Ct., OH (Index info only)[vi]

1828   David Croy marries Sally (Sarah) Wasson Dec 14 Franklin Ct.[vii]

1826-1828 Andrew Croy Personal Property in Brown Township, Stark Ct., OH (Index info only)[viii]

1829 Andrew Croy purchase:E ½ of SE corner of S 17, T16, R7 (Rose Township) Stark Ct.[ix]

1830   Andrew Croy, Personal Property in Rose Township, Stark (Carroll) Ct. (Index info only)[x] Andrew Croy, census, Rose Township, Stark Ct.[xi] Jacob Croy Jr. in Indiana Territory, census, White Pigeon Township, St Joseph Ct., Michigan Territory-very near LaGrange/ Purchased sw ¼ of Section 32, T 7S, R 11W previous residence Marion Ct.. OH[xii] Elizabeth widow of James Russel, census Darby Township, Union Ct. Margaret wife of John Jolly, census, Darby Township, Union Ct. David, Franklin Ct., census, Jerome Township, Union Ct. Eleanor of John Marquis, census, Darby Township, Madison Ct. Richard, census Hudson Township, Portage Ct. Mathias, census, Rose Township, Stark Ct. Rebecca of John Stoner, census Blooming Grove, Richland Ct. Sarah of John Delong, census Dorhman, Tuscarawas Ct.

1832   Carroll County formed of Stark County December 25

1833   Jacob Jr. census Petitioner, St. Joseph Ct., Michigan, Index only[xiii]

1834   Sarah Croy Delong dies Tuscarawas Ct., Chancery Record Jacob Jr. living in Allen Ct., IN purchased land W ½ of NW ¼ S 17 8S 7W subject to sale of White Pigeon Prairie, Michigan Territory land[xivJacob Jr. purchase: W ½ of NE corner of 34, T 38, N of R 10E, LaGrange, Indiana, Aug. 5[xv]

1834-1838 Andrew Croy owned lot in Morges, Carroll County tax records (see Morges for citations)

1839   Jacob Jr. purchase: SE ¼ of SW ¼ of Section 18, T 8S of R8W 40 acres in Bronson Ct.,     Michigan, May 1 Lived in LaGrange, IN[xvi]

1830- 1845 Rebecca Croy Stoner (based on her will, was in Honey Lake, Michigan near White Pigeon, and LaGrange County) Note: She and brother, Jacob, married Stoner brother and sister and moved together[xvii]

[i] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, <i>FamilySearch</i> ( : accessed 17 January 2016), Stark &gt; Marriage records 1809-1836 vol A &gt; image 43 of 201; county courthouses, Ohio.

[ii] 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Union, Ohio; Page 208; NARA Roll: M33_94; Image:256. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.[accessed 4 April 2014]

[iii] 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Stark, Ohio; Page 171; NARA Roll: M33_94; Image:186. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.[accessed 14 June 2014]

[iv] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. Plain City Cemetery, Union County, Ohio

[v] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Big Island, Marion County, Ohio

[vi] Stark County Tax Records Index, 1826-1830, Compiled by Stephanie M Houck, Stark County District Library, Canton, Ohio, [accessed on-line January 2013]

[vii] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, <i>FamilySearch</i> ( : accessed 18 January 2016), Franklin &gt; Marriage index and records 1803-1830 vol 2 &gt; image 161 of 181; county courthouses, Ohio.

[viii] See vi

[ix] United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Springfield, Virginia; Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States, 2007. [accessed May 2013]

[x] See vi

[xi] 1830 U S Census; Census Place listed (contact me if you want full citation)

[xii] See ix

[xiii] Michigan, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1827-1870 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 1999.

[xiv] See ix

[xv] See ix

[xvi] See ix

[xvii] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Big Island, Marion County, Ohio