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Tag Archives: David Croy

The Jolley, Russel, and Croy Families in Union County

It’s cleanup time for the family of Jacob and Mary Huston Croy.

Watkins Margaret Jolly

Picture by author: Mitchell Cemetery, Union County, Ohio, May 2016

First, the last of my cemetery visits while in Ohio. I enjoyed the trip and discovered so much. On my first morning there, I bravely set out to find three cemeteries. I was a novice at this but managed the first two, Union and Watkins, well enough, but by the time I found the last of them, Mitchell Cemetery, I was tired and feeling rushed, not a good combination for detective work. I sometimes wish I lived closer!

Mary (Croy) Roberts moved to Union County with George Roberts after their marriage in 1807.[i] George died some time between 1815 and 1819. [ii]Mary lived near her daughters Elizabeth Croy Russel (husband James Russel) and Eleanor Croy Marquis (husband John Marquis) in 1820 Darby Township. With Mary were two children; based on their ages they are likely Margaret Croy born 31 January 1805 and David H. Croy born 1 June 1801. [iii]

Margaret, the youngest of Mary Huston Croy (Roberts) and Jacob Croy’s children is buried in Mitchell cemetery, one of the oldest in Union County. A number of her descendants and her husband’s previous wife are buried there as well. I was able to find those gravesites, slowly dissolving under a lichen cover. Margaret married John Jolley (his second marriage) early in 1827-1830.[iv] (A fun fact: John Jolley indicated in his will that no more than $20 should be spent on his granite headstone.[v])

Watkins John Jolley

Picture by author: Mitchell Cemetery, Union County, OH, May 2016

At Watkins Cemetery, also dissolving under lichen, I found David H Croy and Sarah (Sally) Wasson Croy. They had married in Franklin County, OH on 14 December 1828.[vi]

9 David H Croy

Picture by author: Watkins Cemetery, Union Cty, OH

In the process of reviewing this information, I discovered more.

First regarding Elizabeth, whose life was a mystery to me after her husband died on 28 August 1828. [vii] I now know she married Christian Sager on 8 November 1835[viii] but divorced him before 1847 when Christian remarried. Knowing her new surname, I found the 1850 Federal Census Mortality Schedule showing she died March 1850 of an inflammation of the lungs, being ill seven days.[ix]

Next, I saw reference to a Union County History so went searching. It unveiled some information about the men these Croy women married. I’ve quoted the information here.[x]

“James Russel, from Loudoun County, Va., was a comparatively early settler on the J.S. Smith place near the southern line of the township. He continued his residence here to the time of his death. Amasa Payne owned and occupied the E.D. Smith place in the southeastern part of the township.” (An aside: Amasa Payne is the brother of Sephronia Payne, my great-great grandmother, however, I have discovered no other connections between these families.)

“John Jolly was a North Carolinian. His family was of the Quaker persuasion and he, imbued with the principles of that sect, left his native State from an abhorrence of the institution of slavery and sought a home in Ohio. In 1818, with his wife, Hannah (Cook), and three children, he settled upon a tract of wild land he had purchased in the southern part of Survey 7,218, now the home of Charles Nicol. Here he cleared the land and tilled the soil, engaging also, to some extent, in shoe-making. He was an earnest supporter of the Methodist Church. His children by his first marriage were Elias, who removed to Kansas; Michel, who married Fredrick Sager; Rachel; Joel; Mary, who married Adam Brown; John; Jeremiah, of Kansas; and Lewis, of Iowa. His second wife was Margaret Croy, who still lives with her daughter Eleanor, wife of A.J. Ferguson. By this marriage there were six children—Betsy, who married David and is now deceased; Eli, Eleanor, Margaret and two who died young. Mr. Jolly died July 31, 1860, at Unionville, aged seventy-eight years.” (Note: This and cemetery information gives Hannah as Lewis’ mother, however according to cemetery records, Hannah died in January of 1827 and Lewis was born in December of 1827, either indicating an error in dates or making Margaret his mother and 1827 the likely marriage date unless there is an error on the cemetery records.[xi])

On another note, I will limit my posts in complexity and quantity for a while because of a number of projects.

  1. I am attempting to document the family for the Ohio Genealogical Society beyond the Civil War brothers through their original entry into Ohio before 1830, including Alexander Huston’s entry while Ohio was still part of the Northwestern Territory.
  2. I hope to write my first genealogy article for a journal.
  3. I am working with my editor to take my first book from manuscript to print sometime next year.

Oh, one other thing: To all my readers, for your interest, information, and encouragement, THANK YOU!

[i] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” Database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 22 June 2015), Columbiana > Marriage records 1803-1818 vol 1 > image 15 of 166; county courthouses, Ohio.
[ii] John Huston vs. Henry McGrath, Chancery Records; Records Center and Archives, Montgomery County Reibold Building 117 South Main Street, 6th floor, P.O. Box 972, Dayton, Ohio 45422-1110
1820 U.S. Census; Darby Township, Union, Ohio; Page: 208; NARA Roll: M33_94; Image:256. [database on-line accessed 16 April 2014]
[iii] Ibid
[iv] Lewis Jolley, Oakdale Cemetery, Adel, Dallas County, Iowa; Find A Grave. Find A Grave.
Hannah Jolley, Mitchell Cemetery, Union County, Ohio.
[v] Will Records, 1852-1908; Probate Place: Union, Ohio Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2015. Original data: Ohio County, District and Probate Courts.[accessed 12 August]
[vi] Ohio Marriages, 1789-1898 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012. Smith, Marjorie, ed. Ohio Marriages. Extracted from The Old Northwest Genealogical Quarterly. 1977. Reprint, Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1986.
[vii] Bigelow Pioneer Cemetery, Madison County, OH; Find A Grave. Find A Grave.
[viii] Copy of Marriage Certificate George Sager biographical sketch. Published by the Union County History Book Committee in “Family Heritage-Union County, Ohio; 1985. From entry of 01 Jan 2011 [accessed 16 Aug 2016]
[ix] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Non-population Census Schedules for Ohio, 1850-1880; Archive Collection: T1159; Archive Roll Number: 15; Census Year: 1850; Census Place: Subdivision 146, Union, Ohio U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885 [database on-line accessed 16 August 2016]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010.
[x] Durant, Pliny, The History of Union County Ohio (Chicago: W.H. Beers & Co. 1883) Library of Congress: Open Library pg 227
[xi] see iv

Throw Back Thursday Tribute:David Croy

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David Croy aloneDavid Croy was born to Jacob Croy and Margaret Pugh Croy.[i] He was their fifth child, likely born in Coshocton County, Ohio. The handwritten rolls, gathered immediately after the Civil War, tell us this.

“David Croy, son of Jacob & Margaret Croy was born in Coshocton Co Oct 4th 1841 (corrected above as Aug 16 1842?) Enlisted from Fairfield Aug 6th (corrected to 8) in Co “G” 92nd O.V.I Was sick first at Carthage Tenn. With a low fever, in April 1863, & lay in Field Hosp. there about two months. Followed the Regt in an ambulance. Taken sick again & off duty fifteen days, in the Camp ____ at Big Springs Tenn. Had the chills at Savannah Ga but remained on duty. Was never wounded, but at “Mission Ridge” one minie ball grazed his thigh, & another, glancing against his cartridge box packed with ammunition was stopped by his beltplate, which was dented deeply & saved his life. Was mustered out with his Cp near Washington D.C. June 10th 1865.”[ii]

His pension records provide this accounting.

“Took cold from exposure on a steamer being transported with his Regt from Nashville to Carthage, Tenn which settled in his throat and lungs, giving him consumption of the lungs…” [iii]

On 12 September 1867, he married Mary Moore.[iv] He bought an 80 acre farm in 1873[v] which he tried to work, though I suspect Mary, his brothers, and friends provided most of the labor as he was already showing the effects of TB including hemorrhaging.[vi] The disease completely disabled him and Mary nursed him during the last four months of his life. He died 10 March 1878.[vii] They had no children.

The text at the bottom of his original grave marker spoke to her loss.

A light from our home is gone

A voice I loved is stilled

A place is vacant in my heart

That never will be filled

Mary never remarried. She continued on her own, working the farm including an additional 70 acres purchased in 1883[viii] and 100 acres purchased from Nathan Croy in 1883.[ix] She died of pneumonia on 1 December 1899 in Vincent, Washington Co, OH.[x]

David Mary Croy

[i] The death certificate would indicate a birth date of August 1840. The origin marker in Decatur Presbyterian Cemetery would indicate 4 October 1841. The marker including Mary from 1899 indicates 16 August 1842. The Rolls show both birthdates. His death certificate says he was born in Fairfield but all evidence points to Jacob and Margaret living in Coshocton in the early 1840’s.
Washington County Probate Court: Death Certificate Vol I pg 104 # 3184 Received June 26, 2015 7:04:10 AM PDT From: Rachel Davis Deputy Clerk
Grave markers Decatur Presbyterian Cemetery, Decatur Township, Washington County OH
[ii] Handwritten Roll of Honor document, compiled by Charles Strong Perry, 1865, Washington County Public Library, History and Genealogical Archive, 418 Washington St., Marietta, OH.
[iii] Soldier’s Certificate No. 679496, David Croy, Corporal, Company G, 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; p. 7; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Archives, Washington, DC
[iv] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” Database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 22 June 2015), Washington > Marriage records 1864-1867 vol 4 > image 360 of 628; county courthouses, Ohio.
[v] Washington County Ohio Court of Records; V 75 Pg 300, Grantor: Fleming; 7 April 1873: S 1/2 SE 1/4 S5 T6 R11
[vi] Ibid note iii pg 23-35
[vii] Ibid note i
[viii] Washington County Ohio Court of Records; V 89 Pg 68, Grantor: Clark; 20 August 1881: 70 Ac Lot61 T2 R10
[ix] Washington County Ohio Court of Records; V 93 Pg 291, Grantor: Croy; 5 April 1883: NE frac 18 T 6 R11
Note: 1880 census shows her with 182 acres, 5 horses, 20 Acres in hay.
[x] Mary Croy, Record of Deaths; Washington County (Ohio) Propate Court; acquired by Donna Croy Wright 31 July 2015


Civil War Pension Files: A Priceless Significance

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With so much else, come those wonderful signatures!

With so much else, come those wonderful signatures!

I retreated like a green recruit from the prospect of spending $80 on the Civil War Pension files of my ancestors. It seemed an exorbitant cost, particularly since I faced a line of seven brothers, the sons of my great, great, great-grandparents, all members of two Ohio Volunteer Infantry regiments. But I charged ahead. Well, I didn’t charge but rather crawled forward, ordering four records. And, in the end, I found the sacrifice small. Through them I discovered far more than the surface reward of some genealogical win. I found humanity, and a cost paid out that far exceeded any charge to my account.

Their words, and those of friends, relatives, comrades, and doctors, revealed a landscape strewn with individual fortitude, pain, and heartbreak, one laid bare in the aftermath of war. Like an armchair traveler, I slipped each CD into my computer and travelled back, beyond birth and death dates, into the lives of Robert, David, Greer, and Calvin Croy.

Robert served with Company G of the 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry (OVI) beginning on the 5th of August 1862, but it was in Georgia at the Battle of Chickamauga that he encountered his life long disability, as he stated in his own hand in the Claimant’s Affidavit (transcribed in own words with punctuation added for clarity).Robert's signature

“…on or about the 20th of September 1863 at the Battle of Chicamanga [Tennessee] I had my hearing of Both Ears affected which at the time was alright[.] Was not treated for it at the time … or Since By a Physician[.] the only treatment I have had was self treatment[.] I had not the means to Enploy Physicians. at the Present time my Right Ear is total deaf and the left Partial.”

A comrade, George L Camp of Seattle, Washington, provided the most vivid account of how Robert lost his hearing.

“At Chickamauga we lay about 50 feet to the right of our Brig[ade] Battery-which were 12 pound pieces[,] and they were double charged most of the time for the entire day of Sunday the 20th of Sept. 1863-and the concussion would nearly raise us from the ground…”

As for his feelings when he filed in August of 1897, he ended one of his affidavits this way.

“the Evidence Called fer July 16, 1891 I cannot furnish for while in Service I never Complained as Some did to get Excused But always tried to do my duty. It would have been Better for me if I had[,] for then I Could of furnished the testimony Called fer”

Arthritis and deterioration of knees, feet, and back were common pension complaints for those of the 92nd who marched on foot from Chickamauga to Atlanta and then up through the Carolinas to Washington DC. The regiment, with the rest of Sherman’s troops, marched approximately 1,500 miles and averaged 15 miles a day through swamps and rough terrain, performing heavy manual labor along the way. Often, even with evidence of hospital stays, the Bureau of Pensions deemed many of these applications invalid. The toll of these decisions impacted whole families.

Calvin joined the 92nd late, at Savannah, to march through the Carolinas at the beginning of 1865.  Still, he entered the field hospital for rheumatism from April 17th to April 30th of 1865. Standing tall at six feet one inch and 156 pounds, he filed for a pension in 1880 and finally earned it commencing in 1890 , not for rheumatism but for a ruptured hernia. This comment by J.B. Sands provides insight into the family’s burden.calvin sig

“He is a coal miner and incapacitated for that kind of work. I know personally that he keeps his boys out of school to help earn a support for his family.”

Tuberculosis, or consumption as people called it at the time, percolated freely in the confined environments where soldiers shared all. The lethal bacteria could lie hidden for years and early symptoms often mimicked other diseases. The close quarters, so new to young men use to open country, provided a perfect incubator.

David, also a part of Company G of the 92nd OVI, filed for a pension on June 27, 1877. The six-foot tall, light-haired, blue-eyed 36 year-old declared that he:david mark

“took cold from exposure on the Steamer being transported with the Reg[iment] from Nashville to Carthage, Tenn. Which settled in his throat and lungs giving him Consumption of the lungs and totally disabling him at the time.”

This statement by N.B. Sisson (?) of Porter, Ohio pleads for understanding of the conditions when determining eligibility.

“At Carthage Tenn, winter 62 & 63, Spring 63. The 92 Ohio Vols passed through a severe crisis of grave diseases-Measles, Scurvy, Typhoid fever, and dysentery and diarrhea; at which time for several months the sen[ior] & jun[ior] Surgeons were absent. The jun[ior surgeon] resigning, and so severe were the duties in caring for the sick of the Reg[iment] I am not certain I kept a record of every case of Even severe disease…Defective supplies of vegetables on that frontier caused much disease…These remarks are to enable the department to some Extent understand & appreciate the difficulty; Now of doing (?) justice to the suffering & their widows & orphans.”

Again falling ill and possibly missing action at Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge, David moved in and out of the field hospital from May of 1863 through January of 1864 with “catarrh, diarrhea, sore feet, typhoid fever, debility, and dysentery.”

David died March 10, 1878, aged 34, never receiving the pension for which he applied. His wife Mary received a Widow’s Pension instead.

David’s brother Greer also suffered from consumption but his story was more complicated and brief. Blue-eyed and brown-haired, at just under 5’8” and four inches shorter than David or Calvin, he volunteered for duty first of the seven brothers, joining F Company of the 36th OVI and serving until:greer sign

“On the 19th day of October 1864 at [the] Battle of Cedar Creek he was shot through the right hip with a minnie ball, from this point was taken to Camden hospital Baltimore & from there discharged.” Writing in strict medical terms, at the time of his discharge, George O. Heldreth, Examining Surgeon, noted[:] The ball entered the right groin and passed out immediately behind the neck of the femur fracturing the margin of the acetabulum, anchylosis of the hip has resulted. The leg is shortened, and in walking the heel does not touch the ground.”

But his brother William tells the larger tale, one infused with a level distress and awe.

“Said Greer Croy was wounded three times. I have seen all of the wounds. It is stated that he was wounded in [the] foot at south mountain which rendered him unable for Duty at the time of the wound. 2nd wounded in the Head at Chicamuga which I understood caused partial Insanity. 3rd Place at Cedar Creek by Gun Shot wounded in hip which made him a cripple for life[.] said Claimant frequently complained of suffering from cough which I fully believe originated in the United States service as I never knew him to be sick or cough Prior to his enlistment. I am an elder Brother of Deceased and know the facts as set forth above. Said Greer Croy was very ambitious & I suppose he thought circumstances compelled him to work[,] & frequently did work more or less at some kinds of Labor[,] when I am satisfied he ought not to have worked.”

Greer died October 28, 1872 of consumption, aged 34, a little over eight years after his injury at Cedar Creek.

Eighty dollars for some pension files? A small price to pay by comparison and invaluable for their insights into human cost of war, of far greater worth than an accounting of dates. I will update you when I receive the last three records of the seven brothers. I anticipate being richer still when I receive them.

My Seven Part Civil War Blog and National Archive Citations

Soldier’s Certificate No. 679496, Robert Croy, Corporal, Company G, 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veternans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Archives, Washington, DC
Soldier’s Certificate No. 928135, Calvin Croy, Private, Company G, 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Archives, Washington, DC
Soldier’s Certificate No. 679496, David Croy, Corporal, Company G, 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Archives, Washington, DC
Soldier’s Certificate No. 237291, Greer Croy, Corporal, Company F, 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry; Case Files of Approved Pension applications of Veterans Who Served in the Army and Navy Mainly in the Civil War and the War with Spain (Civil War and Later Survivors’ Certificates), 1861-1934; Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Archives, Washington, DC

How Calvin and Sarah Met (or the Geographical History of the Payne, Markley, and Croy Families)


Coshocton County Townships

Coshocton County Townships

Coshocton County, Ohio was formed out of Muskingum County in 1811.

The above map should help process things as we move along. (If I name a township in this post without indicating a county, assume Coshocton County, Ohio.)

 As noted in the previous post, to understand how Calvin Croy and Sarah Angeline Smith met and married, you must follow the couple’s family connections in Coshocton County. We were introduced to Sarah’s mother, Sephronia Payne Smith, and father, Henry Smith, in the last post. In this post I attempt to mine the family relationships of the Sephronia’s family and the Croy family in Coshocton County, Ohio. The goal: explain how the paths of Calvin and Sarah crossed (with some interesting diversions in between.)

The Payne’s lived in Coshocton County from at least 1820 when Sephronia’s father moved there with his shoe and boot repair business. (More on them in the previous post.) Their children, known and living into adulthood, were Samuel Felch (1810-1868,) Sarah (1812-1903,) Sephronia (1823-1903,) Selena (1826-between 1901-1910,) and William (between 1828-1834-about 1869.) Let’s take a look at the marriages, migration, and life experiences of these children.

The story is the sad but resilient tale of pioneer life. Zerah Payne and Fredrick Markley lived near each other in Tuscarawas Township in 1820. Fredrick Markley, died in 1828 leaving his wife, Rachel, with Nathan (11,) David (9,) Selena (5,) an unknown female, and Catherine (1.) The Payne family had also suffered a loss with Zerah Payne dying in1831. David Markley married Selena Payne on June 9, 1843 (Yes, Selena, just to make it confusing, each family had a Selena.) By 1850 David and Selena lived with her sister, Sephronia Payne Smith and Henry Smith, in Licking County, Ohio just southwest of Pike Township.

The rest of the Markley children connected in some way to the Payne family by 1850. Samuel Felch Payne had first married an Elizabeth Rice in Coshocton on March 4, 1830. Before 1850, Elizabeth died and Samuel then married Selena Markley, September 16, 1850. He likely met Selena Markley because she was living next to (or near) Samuel’s mother Amy Payne in Jackson Township. (Selena Markley is listed in two places in Jackson Township, Dwelling 301 next to Amy Payne who cared for Samuel’s son James, and # 278.) Then, on March 4, 1852 William Payne married Catherine Markley. Following me so far??? Samuel, William, and Selena Payne married Selena, Catherine, and David Markley.

After their marriages, in about 1858, Samuel and William Payne took off with their families to farm in Vincennes, Knox, Indiana. Samuel’s mother Amy Payne had died before 1860. They took the Markley matriarch, Rachel Markley, with them but after 1860 no record exists for her. Their hopes and dreams were not realized in Indiana. Illness ravaged them. On February 10, 1866, Selena Markley Payne died. Then, on January 17, 1868, Samuel Felch Payne died. Their son Gibson died about that time as well. The rest of children were shipped out to family, three to David and Selina and one to Catherine. Finally, in late 1869, William Payne died along with their son, Thomas. Catherine Markley Payne returned home to where everyone now lived in Canal Lewisville along the border of Tuscarawas and Keene Township.

With the deaths of Samuel and William, only the daughters were left. In 1870, two of them, Sephronia Smith and Selina Markley, lived three houses apart and between them lived Samuel Payne’s children Rachel, Eliza, and Burd. In the Smith house lived Sarah Angeline.

Coshocton County and Canal Lewisville figures geographically into the lives of the Croy family as well. In the late 1830’s, as documented in previous posts, Andrew Croy and his sons moved to Coshocton County with the growth of the Eerie/Ohio Canal. Jacob Croy, father of Calvin, lived in Mill Creek and White Eyes Townships. Most important to this story is the brother who stayed and settled in Lafayette Township, David Croy. Woodworking ran in the family. Father Andrew owned a sawmill in White Eyes Township. David, followed his footsteps and worked as a sawyer in White Eyes and Lafayette Townships. His son Robert followed suit, working as a sawyer in 1870 and then as a sawyer in 1880 in Keene Township.

No, I didn’t forget the original title of the post: How Calvin and Sarah met. After the Civil War, Calvin was living with his brother Nathan down in Fairfield Township, Washington County, near Marietta, on the homestead with his father and mother where he is listed as a laborer in 1870. Then his father died in 1872.

As noted two posts back, Calvin had a restless spirit. It is likely that he jumped at the chance to move out from under his older brother’s shadow and go work with his cousin in Keene Township. They may have even formed a business together. At any rate, by 1880 Calvin was working as a sawyer in Keene Township. He and Sarah lived only 24 houses apart from cousin Robert Croy. (How close were they to Canal Lewisville? My grandfather, Justus Croy, born on October 10, 1879 lists Lewisville as his place of birth on the World War I draft card.)

By the way, when searching your family be careful and check the originals carefully. I found error in the transcription of  townships, names, and households from the original. An 1820 census included two to three townships on each page and all were listed as one township! Needless to say, but I will, my brain is fried. I’m happy to return to fiction for a few days!

And look at this! Written in 1881, this History of Coshocton County contains a hint as to the parentage of Amy Felch, someone I had no definitive information on before. Yes, the piece contains some errors, but not many. And THAT is where I go next, following Zerah Payne and Amy Felch Payne back in time and ancestry. See ya then!

“MARKLEY DAVID, Tuscarawas township; farmer; was born October 13, 1819, in this township; son of Frederick and Rachel (Cartmill) Markley. David’s father came to Coshocton county in 1803 and located in Bethlehem township on the Walhonding river. His ancestors came from Maryland and are of German descent. David’s father died when the boy was but nine years old, from which age Mr. Markley has depended entirely on his own industry and management for success, and it is but just to state here that he has by honest and judicious economy obtained an ample competence for his family and himself, and to do a liberal share in assisting in all charitable and religious enterprises of his neighborhood. He also takes a live interest in education. Mr. Markley was married July 9, 1842, to Miss Selina, daughter of Lera and Ann (Felch) Payne. Mrs. Markley’s grandmother was Sarah Knox, sister of General Knox. They are the parents of fourteen children, nine of whom are deceased, viz: Caroline, William F., Christena Frances, George E., Charles D., Mary Melissa, Judge Harper, Lily May and Edward; and five living, viz: Samuel Asberry, Minerva Catherine, Emma, Annie E. and David, Jr.”

 Information for this post taken from:
  • com census data for Ohio between 1820 and 1880 and Vincennes, Knox, Indiana 1860, 1870 (Yes, I know I didn’t use the “official” style…look back to other posts. I do know how.)
  • Marriage information comes from Marriages, Coshocton County, Ohio, 1811-1930. Provo, UT: Originally compiled by Miriam C. Hunter Coshocton Public Library, 1991.
  • N. Hill, Jr. Ed., History of Coshocton County Ohio: Its Past and Present, (Newark, Ohio: A.A. Graham & Co., 1881) Pg 743
  • Note: repeating family names given for numerous children are Samuel, Asbury, Judge, Justus, Amy

Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Three

Transport on the Tennessee River Taylor & Huntington

Transport on the Tennessee River
Taylor & Huntington

Imagine your 16-year-old son telling you that he is going to war. He can stand aside no longer, not while his brother fights in a war consuming the Nation. What do you say or do? If you are Jacob and Margaret Croy, it seems, you send your eldest son along to protect him. You are family. Duncan Croy, age 16, signed up for the war on the same day as his brother Robert, age 28. They volunteered for a three-year term in the 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company G, on August 5, 1862. Greer gave his age as 18. All death, census, and supporting data show his age to be sixteen at the time.[i] Robert, who would muster out as corporal, now had three children between the ages of six and two.

Now imagine these two are your brothers who are joining with another brother already serving in this historic conflict. Do you stay behind? You are young, idealistic, and you are family. William Croy, aged 25, enlisted with the same company in the 92nd only four days later, August 9, 1862. Like brothers Robert and Greer, he would muster out as a corporal. David Croy joined, at 20 years of age, on August 15, 1862. Within a ten-day period, they had all joined the war. Now only Calvin and Nathan stayed home to help their parents and watch after the families of William and Robert. [ii]

The 92nd proceeded to Gallipolis, Ohio for training with Austrian rifled muskets. By October they moved into the Kanawha Valley and into the brigade of General George Crook. With him was Greer Croy, serving in the 36th OVI.

Now the story of five brothers joins, briefly and dramatically. All five brothers now were serving in the war under the same General but in different regiments. They were dispatched by Ohio River transport to Nashville, Tennessee and then on to Carthage. In the two months spent in Carthage, they buried more than 90 men to disease.

In June they headed through endless rain to Big Springs, Tennessee. Here General John Turchin took command. A colorful and portly immigrant from Hungary, he would lead the brothers successfully through the next infamous campaign. First, though he would secure “green corn, blackberries, and fresh vegetables, speedily [eradicate] all traces of scurvy and disease contracted at Carthage…” [iii] His wife, Nadine, who followed him in battle, supported his efforts.

by Alfred Edwards Mathews

by Alfred Edwards Mathews

By September of 1863 the Army of the Cumberland had arrived in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The battles along the Georgia/Tennessee line loomed before them, ones that would tip the scale of the war.

Note: Copyright free photos from Library of Congress Prints and Photographs

Next: the 36th OVI and the 92nd OVI in the Battle of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge.

[i] 1860 U.S. census, Fairfield, Washington, Ohio; Roll: M653_1048; Page: 124 Image: 251; Family History Library Film: 805048 from NARA microfilm publication accessed through also 1850, 1870, 1880, 1900. 1910, and death cert.
[ii] Roster Commission by authority of General Assembly, Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 9 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Pub. & Mfg. Co., 141 and 143 Race St., 1886) Books.
[iii] Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) pg 692
Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.

Treat #5 for a New Year: Sarah and David Croy

Sarah Angeline and son David with son DanielI found this gem wile rummaging through papers at my parent’s house last fall. Written on the back was “Sarah and David Croy with unknown child.” This photo helped as I identified the “Croy Boy” picture from an earlier post. I find comparing and contrasting photos with known elements to those with unknown elements extremely helpful. So who was this “unknown child” and when was the picture taken? It seems to have been a special occasion, most likely surrounding the birth of this new child. Sarah was great grandmother Sarah (Payne, Smith) Croy who died in 1932. David, a brother of my grandfather, married first Nellia Cannon and then Velva Louise Moody with whom he had two children. The first, Daniel, was born in 1930, and the second, Betty, was born in 1936. Based on this information, the child is probably Daniel Croy, and the picture was taken not long before Sarah’s death in about 193o-31.