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YES! Jacob Croy is the son of Andrew Croy

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signatures of Parent and son

Together on a legal transaction with information on their literacy. (On another document it shows Susanna signing with her mark.) I was pretty excited to see this!

Parents and children care for each other. They support each other. They help each other in their undertakings. Long ago they worked together and lived with each other far into adulthood. As now, when things were tough grandparents cared for grandchildren, and they often bought and sold property together. Love and support (and, yes, its opposite) are human qualities, past and present.

I went to Ohio hoping to find evidence that Jacob Croy was the son of Andrew Croy. Mind you, I knew it was true. But, for genealogists, proximity, as in living in the same place and even the same house, is not definitive proof of a familial relationship. Still, at some point, can’t all that coinciding evidence be considered “proof?”

I knew a great deal before my trip. (Rehashed below.[i]) From this information, I surmised that Duncan, Michael, Richard, Samuel, and my great-great grandfather Jacob were sons of Andrew. Various age estimates fit the 1820 census information. Referencing only my source information, the names of two sons, one born 1811-1820 and another born 1826-1830 were unknown. The names of two daughters born 1811-1815 and 1821-1825 were also unknown. Now all but one of those names can be confirmed through evidence.

So, what new documentation did I find?

  • Mary Croy married Robert Russell on 14 February 1835 in Carroll County.[ii]
  • Mary died in Carroll County of consumption 11 June 1871. She was born in Jefferson County to “parents Andrew and Susannah Croy.”[iii]
  • Then there was this lovely obituary.[iv] “Matthew Russell who died at the dawning of the 29th day of August 1881 was born May 27th 1818, on the farm on which he died­–his father having entered that piece in 1812…Mr. Russell was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Croy on the 18th of August, 1840, and leaves his widow and six children (we believe all the family) to morn his departure…”
  • And this gem from a synopsis of an “aged newspaper clipping owned by Ed Norris of Fresno [Ohio]…The mill was purchased by Andy Croy, father of the late David Croy in 1839 and operated by him for 16 years.”[v] I found the deed in which Andrew sells that land on the 25th of March 1856. It outlines the history of the property including the previous date of purchase and ownership.[vi]
  • Finally, how about two couples named Croy selling, together, a piece of land in Coshocton County? The document includes the names of both Andrew and Jacob and their wives. And the land is adjacent to, and in the same White Eyes Township and same section and range, S6 R 5, as the land with the mill.[vii] (See photo above)

I think I have a vast body of proof to substantiate my claim. The two daughters are Mary and Margaret whom Andrew and Susannah went to live with after selling the mill. The youngest son is David, who stayed in Coshocton County all his life. The last son…well there is always more history to discover.

What I do know is close to heart. Family takes care of each other, supports each other…or not. The choice matters. Andrew and Susannah chose to foster that connection. And Jacob was their son.

  • Mathias Croy married Susan Pugh on 4 January 1816 in Brown Township, Stark/Carroll County[i], Ohio (He and Andrew are the only Croy males of age to be Jacob’s father in Stark/Carroll County. Jacob was born 6 March 1810.)
  • Mathias Croy, according to Stark County Tax Records from 1826-1830, lived continuously in Rose Township
  • On the 1820 census, Andrew Croy and a female, born 1776-1794, lived in Brown Township, Stark/Carroll County with 2 boys born 1801-1810 and 4 boys and 1 girl born 1811-1820.
  • Andrew and family, according to the Stark County Tax Records from 1826-1830, continued living in Brown Township through 1828.
  • Andrew bought land in Rose Township, Stark/Carroll County, Ohio on 2 April 1829.
  • Jacob Croy married Margaret Pugh in Stark/Carroll County, Ohio on 5 April 1830.
  • On the 1830 census, four Croy families lived in Rose Township (one township away from Brown), Stark/Carroll County, Ohio:
    • Andrew and a female, born 1776-1794, with one boy, born 1801-1810, 1 boy and 1 girl, born 1811-1815, 1 girl, born 1821-1825 and 1 son, born 1826-1830
    • Duncan and a female, born 1801-1810, with 1 boy and 1 girl, born 1826-1830
    • Jacob and a female, born 1801-1810
    • Mathias and a female, born 1776-1794, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1816-1820, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1821-1825, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1826-1830
  • Andrew Croy paid taxes on lot 18 in Morges, Rose Township Ohio from 1833-1838.
  • Jacob Croy paid taxes on a lot 17 in Morges, Rose Township from 1833-1835
  • Michael Croy paid taxes on lot 24 in Morges, Rose Township from 1833-1835.
  • On the 1840 census, two Croy families lived in White eyes Township, Coshocton County, Oh
    • Andrew Croy born 1871-1880, lived with a female born 1781-1790, 1 male born 1801-1810, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1821-1825, 1 boy born 1831-1835, and 1 girl born 1836-1840.
    • Michael Croy born 1801-1810 with a female born 1811-1820, a girl born 1831-1835, and a boy born 1836-1840.
  • On the 1840 census, two Croy families with the head of household named Jacob lived in Coshocton County
    • Jacob of Washington County who had lived in the township and county on previous census records since 1820 at least…so not our Jacob.
    • Jacob Croy born 1801-1810 lived in Mill Creek Township, Coshocton County with a female and male born 1811-1820, 1 boy and 1 girl born 1831-1835, and 1 boy born 1836-1840.
  • One Croy, Richard, born 1811-1820 with a female born 1815-1821 and a boy under 5.
  • Samuel Croy married Catherine McClish 10 February 1837.
[ii] Robert Russell and Mary Croy marriage record, 14 February 1835; Carroll county Genealogical Library, 24 2nd St NE, Carrollton, Ohio; V I Marriage Records, pg 38.
[iii] Mary Russell death record, 11 June 1871; Carroll County Genealogical Library,24 2nd St NE, Carrollton, Ohio; Record of Deaths, Probate Court, pg 36-38, # 98.
[iv] Matthew Russell obituary; Carroll Chronicle, Carrollton, Ohio, 2 September 1881; Carroll County Genealogical Library, pg 35.
[v] Coshocton County Chapter of OGS, White Eyes Township, Coshocton County: Cemeteries…Brief History… Vol. XV: “The First Grist Mill 1832 on White Eyes Creek pg 174.
[vi] Deed: Andrew Croy to David Reed; Coshocton County Deed Book, V 31, Pg 754; Coshocton County Records Office, Coshocton, OH.
[vii] Deed: Jacob & Andrew Croy to William Adams; Coshocton County Deed Book, V 23, Pg 421; Coshocton County Records Office, Coshocton, OH.

ON THE ROAD: Graveside visits to Mary Croy and three of her children in Ohio

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An Account of a Novice Tombstone Hunter


On my first day in Ohio, I set off, directions in hand, to visit three cemeteries, two in Union County and one just over the boundary into Madison County. The first stop was in Plain City, Madison County at the Darby Township Cemetery. I barely got lost and immediately found the site of my 4X great grandmother, Mary Croy. Beyond death date, this site verifies Jacob Croy as her husband. While Pennsylvania records and land records name Jacob, he died early so probate records do not name him and, though all the children had the last name “Croy,” Mary’s name was Roberts for her second husband, George Roberts.


My next objective–look for Eleanor Croy Marquis (seventh child of Mary and Jacob Croy) and John Marquis– proved equally easy. Their stones lay right next to hers, along with their daughter Eliza’s grave marker showing a life only five days long.Except for one detail–when I got home, I couldn’t find Eleanor’s picture. What? Had I not taken it. After cursing my dumb cluck foolishness, I filed it in lessons learned.


Stop number two, Mitchell Cemetery. I drove (almost) right there! The place was serene and labeled the oldest cemetery in Union County. Unfortunately, I forgot to take a picture of the signage, but you can find a great account of the cemetery established on Big Darby Creek here. With a little hunting I found the tombstone for Margaret Croy Jolley, Mary and Jacob’s tenth and last child, born a little before Jacob died. I also found her husband, John Jolley, and his first wife, Hannah Cook Jolley. I took pictures but forgot to release my flash! Could they have been better? Probably. (Note: They read: Margaret Jolley, 31 Jan 1805-8 Jan 1889, ae 83y 11m 8d, wife of John Jolley and John Jolley, d 31 Jul 1860, ae 77y 7m 12d


On to Watkins Cemetery. I was feeling pretty successful, maybe a little too cocky. I had reversed my directions so got miserably lost. Finally after asking directions, discovering that sometimes even locals don’t know what lies close at hand, and resorting to my phone using cross streets, I found the cemetery on a charming little corner of Bucks Road. Sadly, the stones showed severe wear, accosted as they were by a lively golden lichen, and the marker of David (ninth child) and that of his wife, Sarah Wasson Croy, were illegible. Thank goodness for the photo posted ten years ago on findagrave. I was able to get two good pictures of his son’s markers. But this is about Mary’s children, so I won’t post them here…for now. (Okay, I know I posted little Eliza above, but it was just so sad. I felt obligated.)

What did I learn from my first foray?

  • Carry batteries, know your camera, and open your flash
  • Preview findagrave information for the cemetery you are visiting and make a check list. That way you can take a picture that may seem unreadable…who knows. You also won’t miss an important marker!
  • Take pictures of all signage.
  • Double check your directions and always carry our gift of technology, a phone with mapping directions!

Next stop after the Ohio Genealogical Conference (more on that later), Coshocton County. Maybe I can get beyond novice at the three cemeteries I will visit there. What suggestions do you have toward expert grave hopping?

The Huntingdon County, PA warrant–Alexander Huston & Jacob Croy, 1794

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land of Alexander and Jacob

X marks the spot…warrant of Alex. Huston and Jacob Croy (see citation below…i)

Two lessons worth repeating:

  1. Never underestimate the importance of connections. (…to nature, the past, community, family, friends, and, in this case, people who share your interests.)
  2. Never stop expecting the unexpected.

The unexpected appeared by e-mail from a valued connection, distant cousin and excellent researcher, Dwight Huston. He shared a Google book[i] with me from 1914, outlining research into vacant land on the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River. The conclusion? The last known owners were Alexander Huston and Jacob Croy. This was based on a warrant issued on 10 February 1794 for 100 acres.[ii]

I have a copy of the warrant which indicates ownership of the land from 1775, but this document outlines the history of that land AND the coordinates for it.[iii] (Note: with references to white oaks and a line from post to stones.) The key information to pinpoint where this land is situated was a note at the bottom of the map shown above. “…vacant unimproved land situated in the township of Penn and County of Huntingdon Pa.” (underlining my own) The parcel is marked with an X on the map above. Here is a Google Map screen shot of Penn Township now.

I theorize the Alexander on the warrant is Alexander Huston Jr. based on census records showing Alexander Huston living in Huntingdon County, PA, 1790[iv] and back in Londonderry Township, Bedford County, PA, 1800[v] (the number of male and female children coinciding with the listing in the Chancery Records.) His father, Alexander Sr. was in Ohio by 1799 petitioning Congress for relief from land payments until the Symmes land controversy was resolved.[vi]

I am aware of no other known Jacob Croy (and there are many) of an age to take out a warrant for land in 1794. So I think it likely the Jacob Croy on the warrant is the same Jacob that moved to Stark County, Ohio with his wife, Mary Huston Croy, by 1798.[vii] (My 4x great grandparents)

According to the research from the 1915 Annual Report, the survey of the property was never registered thus nullifying the warrant. Ohio drew a large percent of Western Pennsylvanians with the end of the Indian threat in 1795, and as always, speculative business ventures abounded. Perhaps, great plans fell through and new dreams took precedent.

[i] Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Annual Report of Secretary of Internal Affairs (Harrisburg, PA: Stanley Ray, State Printer, 1915) pg 18-21
[ii] Pennsylvania, Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012.Original data: Warrant Applications, 1733-1952. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Archives. Land Warrants. Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, PA.
[iii] “Beginning at a white oak, thence S 73 ° W. 3.2 ps.; S 22 ° E 6 ps.; S 17 ° E 18.2 ps.; S 30’ W 13.6 ps.; S 8 ° E 30.3 ps.; S 4 ° E 6ps.; S 13 ¼ ° W 16.8 ps. These lines and a part of the northern line of the Sarah Hartsock Junior, N 20 ° W 16 ps.; form the eastern boundary of the part applied for. The line bearing S 30 ° W 47 perches from a post to stones, of the Sarah Hartsock, Junior, forms the southern boundary of the part applied for, and the sixteen courses and distances down the Raystown Branch of the Juniata river, along its meanders, form the western boundary of the part applied for.”
[iv] 1790; Census Place: Huntingdon, Pennsylvania; Series: M637; Roll: 8; Page: 123; Image: 323; Family History Library Film: 0568148 1790 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
[v] Pennsylvania, Septennial Census, 1779-1863 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012. Original data: Septennial Census Returns, 1779–1863. Box 1026, microfilm, 14 rolls. Records of the House of Representatives. Records of the General Assembly, Record Group 7. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.
[vi] Territorial Papers of the US; Vol3, pg 33; U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820. [accessed 8-12-2012]. Provo, UT, USA
[vii] Based on child of Jacob Croy, Elizabeth’s marriage in Jefferson County, Ohio on 31 Dec. 1798 to David DeVores, Ohio Index of Marriages, Ohio Genealogical Society,

Jacob and Mary Huston Croy and Progeny in Ohio-Part 1

My most recent acquisition...a little blurry but confirms Richard Croy's life in Portage County, OH

My most recent acquisition…a little blurry but confirms Richard Croy’s life in Portage County, OH. “In Hudson Feb 9th, Mr. Richard Croy, aged 66, after a lingering sickness of several weeks. He came to Hudson in the spring of 1806, he lived a moral, peaceable and industrious life worthy of imitation by all. He left a widow and children, and a large circle of friends to mourn their loss. On the 1st day of March, Richard Croy, son of the deceased, very suddenly of bilious colic, aged 16 years.”

Anticipating my trip to Ohio at the end of April 2016, I decided to review and dig deeper into the Ohio families, beginning with my 4x great-grandparents Jacob Croy, Mary Huston Croy, and their children. (I am focusing only on Jacob, not the other brothers but a little on brothers Richard and Mathias can be found here.)

Here is the first stage of my chronologically review, covering the first two decades in Ohio. Our family is extremely lucky to have a Chancery Record that names each of Mary Huston Croy Roberts’ children (all surnamed Croy) and their places of residence. They are 1. Jacob Jr., 2. Andrew (3x great-grandfather), 3. Elizabeth, 4. Sarah, 5. Richard, 6. Rebecca, 7. Mathias, 8. Eleanor, 9. David, 10. Margaret.(see Summary from the Chancery Record of Alexander Huston filed 7 March 1830)

Here is a timeline of records for the family in the first two decades in Ohio (+ 6 years.)

  • 1798 (The first known presence of the family in Ohio) Elizabeth Croy marries David DeVore (a prominent name in Londonderry Township, Bedford Cty, PA, from which they came) in Jefferson County, Dec. 31(Records indicate a pioneer, David Devore, in Muskingum County from 1798 to 1810)[i]
  • 1803 Ohio becomes a state, March 1 and Columbiana County forms out of Jefferson County
  • 1803 Jacob Croy Jr. marries Sarah Stoner in Jefferson County, Oct. 5[ii]
  • 1805 Jacob Croy (father of all mentioned) files land grant, Columbiana County residence, Aug. 2[iii]
  • 1806 Richard Croy becomes resident of Portage County based on obituary[iv]
  • 1807 Sarah Croy marries John Delong in Columbiana County, Sept. 4[v]
  • 1807 Mary Huston Croy (mother of all mentioned) marries George Roberts in Columbiana County, Oct. 6[vi]
  • 1808 Stark County forms out of Columbiana County, Feb. 13
  • 1816 Mathias Croy marries Susan Pugh in Stark County, Jan. 2[vii]
  • 1816 Elinor (Eleanor) Croy marries John Marquis in Madison County, May 1816[viii]
  • 1816 Richard Croy marries Luna Kellogg in Portage County, Sept. 9[ix]
  • 1820 Union County forms out of Madison County, April 1
  • 1820 Mary Roberts appears on Union and Madison County, OH Federal census with two children (aged coinciding with David and Margaret) and no male head of household[x]
  • 1820 John Marquis and James Russel (Elizabeth’s 2nd marriage based on Chancery Records) appear on Madison County, OH Federal census[xi]
  • 1820 Richard Croy appears on Portage County, OH Federal census[xii]
  • 1820 John Delong (of Sarah Croy) appears on Tuscarawas County, OH Federal census[xiii]
  • 1824 Mary Huston Croy dies Aug. 9, buried in Plain City, Madison County, find-a-grave information[xiv] Note: Mary Huston Croy was married to Jacob Croy, NOT Andrew, a rampantly reproduced error on many genealogies! Mary’s grave marker in the Darby Township Cemetery in Plain City, Madison County, states her death as August 9, 1824, matching with information in the Chancery records regarding residence and death before 1830. She or her children chose to mark her name as Mary Croy on that stone, giving her husband’s name as Jacob, which intersects with Pennsylvania records.

So, reading between the lines, when did they get here and where did they go? The family likely arrived sometime between 1796 and 1798 based on the last known record of Jacob in Pennsylvania and the marriage of his daughter in Jefferson County, Ohio. Jacob died between the fall of 1805 and 1807. Up to that point they lived in Stark/Columbiana/Jefferson County (all the same place,) most likely what is now Pike Township, Stark County, the site of the land grant.

But families grow apart, and Jacob’s death and Mary’s remarriage likely accelerated the process. Richard moved to Portage County, at some point in 1806. Sometime before 1816, Mary and George had moved to Darby Township in Madison County, along with David, Margaret, Eleanor, and Elizabeth whose husband had died. By 1820, George had died and Mary lived as head of household with David and Margaret. Eleanor had married John Marquis and lived by mother in Madison County. Elizabeth had remarried to James Russel and lived by mother. Mathias stayed in Stark County based on his 1816 marriage and Sarah along with her husband, John Delong, lived in Tuscarawas County.

What questions surface from the timeline?

  • Where was Andrew from the families arrival until his mother’s death?
  • What about Rebecca Croy during this time?
  • What happened to Jacob Jr and Sarah Stoner Croy?

I’ll delve deeper into those questions and explore the next two decades in Part 2.

[i] Ohio Marriage Index 1789-1830, Ohio Genealogical Society [ member data base accessed January 2016]

[ii] ibid

[iii] Early Ohioans’ residences from the land grant records [accessed 2013] Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1976.

[iv] Richard Croy Obituary Summit Beacon 17 March 1852, page 2 column 6, housed at Akron-Summit Public Library, acquired December 2015.

[v] See i

[vi] ibid

[vii] ibid

[viii] ibid

[ix] ibid

[x] 1820 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.Original data: (NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

[xi] ibid

[xii] ibid

[xiii] ibid

[xiv] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. Plain City Cemetery, Union County, Ohio


Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part Three

Transport on the Tennessee River Taylor & Huntington

Transport on the Tennessee River
Taylor & Huntington

Imagine your 16-year-old son telling you that he is going to war. He can stand aside no longer, not while his brother fights in a war consuming the Nation. What do you say or do? If you are Jacob and Margaret Croy, it seems, you send your eldest son along to protect him. You are family. Duncan Croy, age 16, signed up for the war on the same day as his brother Robert, age 28. They volunteered for a three-year term in the 92nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company G, on August 5, 1862. Greer gave his age as 18. All death, census, and supporting data show his age to be sixteen at the time.[i] Robert, who would muster out as corporal, now had three children between the ages of six and two.

Now imagine these two are your brothers who are joining with another brother already serving in this historic conflict. Do you stay behind? You are young, idealistic, and you are family. William Croy, aged 25, enlisted with the same company in the 92nd only four days later, August 9, 1862. Like brothers Robert and Greer, he would muster out as a corporal. David Croy joined, at 20 years of age, on August 15, 1862. Within a ten-day period, they had all joined the war. Now only Calvin and Nathan stayed home to help their parents and watch after the families of William and Robert. [ii]

The 92nd proceeded to Gallipolis, Ohio for training with Austrian rifled muskets. By October they moved into the Kanawha Valley and into the brigade of General George Crook. With him was Greer Croy, serving in the 36th OVI.

Now the story of five brothers joins, briefly and dramatically. All five brothers now were serving in the war under the same General but in different regiments. They were dispatched by Ohio River transport to Nashville, Tennessee and then on to Carthage. In the two months spent in Carthage, they buried more than 90 men to disease.

In June they headed through endless rain to Big Springs, Tennessee. Here General John Turchin took command. A colorful and portly immigrant from Hungary, he would lead the brothers successfully through the next infamous campaign. First, though he would secure “green corn, blackberries, and fresh vegetables, speedily [eradicate] all traces of scurvy and disease contracted at Carthage…” [iii] His wife, Nadine, who followed him in battle, supported his efforts.

by Alfred Edwards Mathews

by Alfred Edwards Mathews

By September of 1863 the Army of the Cumberland had arrived in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The battles along the Georgia/Tennessee line loomed before them, ones that would tip the scale of the war.

Note: Copyright free photos from Library of Congress Prints and Photographs

Next: the 36th OVI and the 92nd OVI in the Battle of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge.

[i] 1860 U.S. census, Fairfield, Washington, Ohio; Roll: M653_1048; Page: 124 Image: 251; Family History Library Film: 805048 from NARA microfilm publication accessed through also 1850, 1870, 1880, 1900. 1910, and death cert.
[ii] Roster Commission by authority of General Assembly, Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 9 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Pub. & Mfg. Co., 141 and 143 Race St., 1886) Books.
[iii] Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) pg 692
Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.

Seven Brothers and the War of Rebellion: Part One

The Marietta Register, Thurs., June 20, 1872, pg. 3, col. 4

The Marietta Register, Thurs., June 20, 1872, pg. 3, col. 4

Today I begin the tale of my family in the Civil War. I consider it dangerous territory. Many historians, both amateur and professional, have devoted years to understanding even a single battle. Information abounds regarding the Civil War and I claim no expertise in its history. With that disclaimer, I begin a story of seven brothers. All served, as Jacob’s obituary shown above states, in the Civil War at one time. In point of fact, they all served together for only 100 days from May 2, 1864 to September 14, 1864. The story is no less amazing. And it begins with what the family seemed to do regularly. It begins with a move.

By 1860 Jacob Croy, wagon maker, and Margaret Pugh Croy, my great, great grandparents, had moved from Coshocton County, Ohio to Fairfield Township, Washington County, Ohio. They settled not far from Marietta, a booming port on the Ohio River. Seven sons and 3 daughters traveled with them. Sons Robert and William brought families. Robert and wife, Emily, had two children, Stanton, age 4, and Joseanna, age 2. William and his wife, Rebecca, had a 5-year-old son, Anderson. The three families lived side-by-side working a farm in Fairfield Township.[i]

It was a turbulent time. Lincoln narrowly won the presidency within months of the 1860 census. One by one, southern states seceded from the Union. At 4 am, April 12, 1861 cannon shots erupted over Fort Sumter in South Carolina and the Civil War began. Marietta became a major staging site to protect the important supply line of the Ohio River, its canals and railways, and for recruitment of Ohio Volunteers. On July 21, 1861, the Union Army suffered a devastating loss at The Battle of Bull Run, and President Lincoln, facing the reality of that loss, called for a half million volunteers.

On October 12, 1861, young Greer (Grier/Grear) Croy volunteered for a three-year term. Single and 23 years old,[ii]  he joined the 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a regiment that would fight on both the western and eastern fronts of the war and participate in many of its major battles. He would be wounded three times while carrying the colors of his regiment and the Nation, reaching the rank of “color” corporal.[iii]

 [i] 1860 Census: Fairfield, Washington, Ohio: Roll: M653_1048; Page: 124; Image: 251; Family History Library Film: 805048 1860 United States Federal Census:
[ii] Note: no birth certificate as yet found and date of birth fluctuates from 1842 grave marker, 1836 approx. date given at enlistment, and 1839 dates for census of 1850, 1860, and 1840 date from census of 1870
[iii] Martin R. Andrews, edited and compiled, History of Marietta and Washington county, Ohio and representative citizens, Vol. 1 (Biographical Pub. Co., Chicago, 1902) Pgs 755-756 Includes interesting accounts of each Ohio regiments service from the perspective of the late 1800’s.



Who was Margaret Pugh Croy’s father?

Detail of page of marriage record: Margaret Pugh and Jacob Croy

Detail of page of marriage record: Margaret Pugh and Jacob Croy

If your eyes are glazing just looking at this diatribe then read the bolded items and move on. Believe me, I understand. My hope was to reveal the thought and effort I put into my research.

I last wrote regarding assumptions concerning the ancestry of Margaret Pugh who married my great, great grandfather Jacob Croy that were incorrect. At the time I wasn’t even positive of her last name. I’ve done additional research and here is where I stand currently (and where I will leave her lineage for now.)

While I had seen dates for Margaret’s marriage to Jacob Croy, I had no solid evidence. I do now. Rummaging through Family Search for the hundredth time, I discovered a digital copy of the document confirming the marriage of Margaret Pugh to Jacob Croy, April 5, 1830.[i] I got all “jump up and down” excited, but it seems the document had been sitting in a number of genealogies for some time. Still…now it is:

  • Fact number 1: Margaret with the last name PUGH married Jacob Croy in Stark County on April 5, 1830

I now knew with some certainty Margaret’s last name of “Pugh” and not one of the other names bantered about in family lore. (Yes, it could be a second name taken before she married Jacob at 17 but not likely.)

I started looking much more closely at records. I analyzed the records of all “Pugh” names in the 1820 and 1830 census data. I had previously reviewed tax and land records for Rose Township in Stark County and neighboring townships as well. From this information I extracted the following.

  • Fact number 2: Aaron Pugh and John Pugh purchased sections in Township 15, range 6 only 3 sections (in Aaron Pugh’s case) from Andrew Croy and Jacob Oswalt in Township 16, Range 7 of then Stark County, Ohio[ii]
  • Fact number 3: Aaron, John, and Daniel Pugh lived in Rose Township, Stark County, Ohio in 1820 based on the 1820 census.[iii]
  • Fact number 4: In that same 1820 census, only Daniel and John had a female child aged appropriately to have been Margaret.[iv]
  • Facts number 5, 6, 7: Based on the 1830 census, John was, by then, the only Pugh left living in the in Rose Township. There was a female, not shown on the 1820 census, between 30-39. John lived next to Jacob Croy and Mathias Croy, both who married Pughs. [v]

While not definitive, by inference it seems likely that Margaret was the daughter of John Pugh whose wife had died by 1820 and had remarried by 1830. This would fit vaguely into the lore from family stories that Margaret was somehow connected to a Smith, Woods, or Scott. But that story indicates that her father was killed coming home from a war and her mother remarried. Nothing I find (and I investigated all the Smith, Woods, and Scott names for Carroll and Stark Counties, plus West Virginia records on line) indicates that this story has any validity.

It is still possible that Daniel Pugh was her father as he had a girl child of the same age range in 1820. It is also possible that the records for John Pugh in 1820 were inaccurate and the 16-18 year old girl is the same woman in 1830 listed as 30-39. It is also possible that the neighbor relationships were coincidental. Nothing I found is unarguable except her marriage to Jacob, but I think my inference is the most likely. She remains a mystery, for now.[vi] Not a mystery: she raised 3 daughters and 7 sons who all served the Union in the Civil War. That, by inference, takes an amazing woman. Those boys and their service will be the focus of the next few entries.

[i] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1997,” index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 05 Sep 2014), Stark > Marriage records 1809-1836 vol A > image 132 of 201.
[ii] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Township Plats of Selected States; Series #: T1234; Roll: 50.Source Information: U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.Original data:Public Land Survey Township Plats, compiled 1789–1946, documenting the period 1785–1946. NARA microfilm publication T1234, 67 rolls. Records of the Bureau of Land Management, 1685–2006, Record Group 49. National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.
[iii] 1820 U.S. census, Rose, Stark County, Ohio population schedule, p.192: digital images, Ancestry ( accessedSept. 9, 2014); from National Archives microfilm publication M33, roll 94, image 229.
[iv] ibid
[v] 1830 U.S. Census, Rose, Stark, Ohio, population schedule, p. 207 FamilySearch ( accessed 06 Sep 2014); citing “1830 United States Federal Census,”;, NARA microfilm publication M19, roll 140
[vi] As an aside, John Pugh is listed as the son of Aaron Pugh in most genealogies, documentation not confirmed

A Story Delivered Between the Lines

Detail of Map of State of Ohio: 1850

Detail of Map of State of Ohio: 1850

1836-1855 Coshocton County, Ohio Andrew Croy (son of Jacob) and Susanna Croy (daughter of Jacob Oswalt)with their family, including Jacob Croy, my GGgrandfather

By the late 1830’s, the canal system in Ohio was fully operational It connected Lake Eerie and the Ohio River. Barges carrying farm produce and local products to market were making Ohio one of the most prosperous states in the nation. The state’s population had reached a half million by 1820 and was rushing to a million. Men and their families moved to where work was plentiful all along the Ohio-Eerie Canal. For more

           The canal system cut directly through the middle of Coshocton County. Around 1836, Andrew Croy’s oldest sons (Michael, Jacob, and, likely, Duncan) headed to Coshocton County. They moved to provide a more prosperous life for their families.

          Grandparents, Andrew and Susanna, followed an equally primal urging. There is something deep-felt and internal that takes hold like a vice grip when grandchildren are in need. Andrew and Susanna’s daughters, Margaret and Mary, had married the Russell boys, pioneers of Monroe Township in Carroll County, and were beginning lives of their own. In 1839 their parents decided to move to Coshocton County. They likely moved to help Duncan.

          That story revealed itself by following scant bits of loosely connected information surrounding Duncan Croy. He seems to have lost his wife soon after moving to Coshocton County, about the same time as the birth of a daughter, Susannah, in 1837. His parents came to help with his 5 children. By 1845 he had married again, to an Elizabeth Chipliver. They had a child named Mary. But by 1850, he and his wife were dead. Andrew and Susanna Croy continued to care for his children. Jacob Croy named his son, born in 1846, Duncan. The family pulled together.

          They lived simple working class lives with limited schooling that kept them on the edge of literacy. The men worked as wagon makers (Jacob), sawyers (David), and millers (Andrew.) Michael worked a farm. The women, while cooking over open hearths, spinning, weaving, and managing their households, produced prodigious numbers of children that tended toward twice as many boys as girls. They held family close and had a web of connections that spanned the state and often dated back to their move from Pennsylvania. As their children grew, they often worked along side aunts, uncles, fathers and mothers who passed on the skills and vocations that ensured their survival.

          The story, delivered between lines of data, carries a theme: one of protective determination. Andrew lost his father by 25 and watched his mother move to Western Ohio with a new, and possibly questionable husband. They took a brother and sisters with them. The experience motivated him to create a refuge built upon family and hard work. It resonated through the generations.

Note: I have struggled to find a balance between the story and the research in my blog and continue to experiment with the right mix and feel. This is my latest attempt. The information from this post is gleaned from the following. You are welcome to e-mail for additional details or with your own information.
  • US census records from 1820 (Andrew Croy in Rose Township, Stark County OH,) 1830 (Andrew, Jacob, Duncan Croy in Rose Township,)1840 (Michael and Andrew Croy in White Eyes Township, Coshocton County OH, Samuel Croy in Hocking County, OH) 1850 (Michael Croy in White Eyes Township; Andrew in Mill Creek Township, Catherine Croy in Hocking County)
  • Marriage certificate for Catherine McClish and Samuel Croy
  • Coshocton County marriage listings 1811-1930
  • Find-a-grave: Andrew Croy 1780-1859-St. Luke’s Cemetery (one of the first in Carroll County used by all faiths)
  • A spread sheet of dates of birth etc. to track family
  • Map a public domain work of art from Wikimedia Commons as part of a cooperation project with Geographicus Rare Antique Maps

“The family became widely scattered.” Part 5

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The Huston Sisters’ Journey: Rachel and Sarah [i]

Rose Township, Section 17, Site of Morges, Ohio

Rose Township, Section 17, Site of Morges, Ohio from US Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats

As I mentioned in the previous post, by 1800 three Huston sisters had migrated with their husbands to what would be Rose Township, Stark County, Ohio. Mary and Rachel would lean heavily on Sarah when, within a ten year period, they both lost their husbands.  One remarried and the other maintained her independence, but both would need a comforting hand and thoughtful heart. Mary’s husband, Jacob Croy died soon after recording his land grant at the Stubenville Land Office on August 2, 1805. He may have made the trip to Stubenville once again, this time with Sarah’s husband, Jacob Oswalt. Their friendship had flourished in Pennsylvania, and their families were close, very close. Perhaps their adult sons, Andrew Croy, young Jacob Croy, and Samuel Oswalt, joined them on the fifty-mile journey. For sure though, Jacob laid claim to Section 12, Township 16, Range 7 in Stubenville on September 24, 1805, barely two months after Jacob Croy. [ii] Meanwhile, Rachel’s husband, Isaiah McClish, never appears on any records for Rose Township. He, like Jacob Croy, died early, before 1818. [iii] By 1820 Rachael McClish appears independently on the census records, a sure indication that she was widowed or abandoned. The US census only began recording the names of women and children in 1850. She was still widowed and living in Rose Township in 1840, not far from Sarah. Andrew Croy, son of Sarah’s sister Mary, had married Sarah’s daughter Susanna and stayed close to the family. He purchased the southeast quarter of section 17, Township 16, Range 7 on April 2, 1829.[iv] By this time, Jacob and Sarah Oswalt were over sixty years of age.[v] They began thinking of their families’ futures. Meanwhile, the American Dream dangled before every eye. Land was plentiful, undeveloped, and in demand. The new settlers both required goods and longed to profit from producing, selling, and transporting them. The canal system connecting the Great Lakes was conceived as the two Jacobs registered their land grants. By 1817 construction on the Erie Canal began and was completed in 1825. Ohio men of vision, including Jacob Oswalt’s brother Michael[vi], began planning canals to connect the Erie and the Ohio River. Towns sprang up everywhere out of both necessity and hope. The town of Morges in Rose Township grew from the dreams of Samuel Oswalt and John Wagonner.[vii]  By 1828 Wagonner had purchase Jacob Oswalt’s section, the one he claimed in 1805. The funds from that purchase probably financed the Oswalt portion of the gamble called Morges, platted in 1831. The two men relied heavily on family to further the project, but the direction of commerce can shine or tarnish a dream.  Ohio’s star would shine elsewhere in the state.Morges Marker


[i] Direct Ancestors: Jacob Oswalt and Sarah Huston Oswalt (child- Susanna), 7th gen. Jacob Croy and Mary Huston Croy (child-Andrew), 7th gen. Andrew Croy and Susanna Oswalt Croy 6th gen.
[ii] National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Township Plats of Selected States; Series#; T1234; Roll: 50 from Public Land Survey Township Plats, compiled 1789-1946 Records of Bureau of Land Management (Ancestry. Com. U.S., Indexed Early Land Ownership and Township Plats, 1785-1898 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.)
[iii] Will and Probate Dispute ADD
[iv] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907[database on-line] Provo, UT, Operations Inc, 2008 Original data: United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project: Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States, 2007
[v] 1830 US Census: Census Place: Rose, Stark, Ohio: Page: 206; NARA Series: M19; Roll Number: 140; Family History Film: 0337951 Source Info: 1830 United States Federal  Census NOTE: by error recorded as Lexington Township.
[vi] Letter to Thomas Rotch from Michael Oswalt dated Jan. 9, 1818 re: canal connecting the Eerie to “the hed waters of the Tuscaraurs branch of muskingum River…” Archive # B-133-1, records of P McHenry, private holding
[vii] Karen Gray, Rose Township, Carroll county, Ohio (September 2008) pg. 4,

“The family became widely scattered.” Part 4

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The grave of Mary Huston

The grave of Mary Huston

The Huston Sisters’ Journeys: Mary Huston

For twenty-eight years Mary Huston Croy called the enclave at Will’s Creek home. Now, in 1789, her husband Jacob packed up his family and moved on. Did the politics of the day play a part? The new Constitution, Bill of Rights, and President Washington’s election put the new nation on the beginnings of stable footing. Was it simple wanderlust and a sense of adventure? Jacob had served the local militia for nearly ten years and likely enjoyed the regular scouting missions. Did the need to provide for a growing family make the difference? By 1789 Mary was likely pregnant with their sixth child, and no evidence exists of any attempt by Jacob to warrant their Londonderry home. Only Jacob, and maybe Mary, can know; but after 1789 the family disappears from the records of Londonderry Township.

They probably moved to the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River in what would be part of Hopewell Township in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. There, on February 10, 1794, Jacob applied jointly for 100 acres of land with his father-in-law, Alexander Huston. It was his first land warrant and indicated improvements and “Interest to commence from the first day of March 1775,” an indication of its use for 19 years before applying for the warrant.[i]

I postulate that the family, with Alexander’s support, moved to the waters of the Raystown Branch to run a saw or gristmill. The profession seems to have run in the family. Brother Mathias Croy operated a saw and gristmill in Londonderry Township in 1792.[ii] Jacob’s son Andrew, no more than six when they likely moved to the Raystown Branch property, owned a saw and gristmill in Ohio as an adult, and Andrew’s son took over his business.[iii]

The whole Raystown experiment lasted, at most, 10 years. No doubt Mary was lonely. Part of a family of twelve children, the first five no more than five years apart, she would likely yearn for companionship. Perhaps Jacob was restless. Regardless, by 1800, their family, which now included eight children between twenty and three years of age, packed up for the Northwest Territory. Included in the procession were the families of Mary’s sisters, Rachel McClish and Sarah Oswalt, and her brother, David Huston who had married Rebecca Oswalt.iii At least 25 men, women, and children, together or in small family groups, made the journey.

Did they wander for a while looking for a likely home; one abundant with cool, flowing water for mills, livestock, and farming; one with hardwood forests giving off the musky scent of home? Likely. Certainly, during the time it took to finalize surveys, name Ohio the 17th state in the Union (1803,) and designate, the land in which they settled as Columbiana County, Jacob and Mary had created a home.

On a muggy day on August 2nd of 1805, Jacob walked into the Stubenville Land Office to claim Section 29 (a section set aside for Revolutionary War Veterans,) Township 9, Range 8 as his own.[iv] By the time he registered the warrant for his 160 acre plot, part of what would one day be Pike Township, Stark County, Ohio, a great deal had happened in his and Mary’s life. Little David (named after David Huston?) and Margaret were born; his two first-born sons had married and given them their first grandchildren. Their life together, I imagine, bore a joy that only comes from such an increase.

Then, sometime between 1805 and about 1810, Jacob died. Whether it was from the yellow fever that ran rampant at the time, an accident in a harsh land, or a hard life early taken, we can never know. But Mary, left with at least 6 children in her care, needed to stand strong and, in these times, required a man’s help. She soon married a George D. Roberts. No record of him exists beyond the court records filed after alexander Huston’s death in 1814, and, by 1820, she was living independently with her two youngest children in Darby Township, Union County, Ohio, far from the land Jacob had claimed.

From my perspective, there is no evidence of warmth in the brief union of George Roberts and Mary Croy. The boys in the family found solace and support in the families of their spouses. Jacob Croy connected with the Stoner family and, even after his wife died in 1825, joined with Rachael Croy Stoner and John Stoner in Indiana.[v] Richard Croy found work in the burgeoning canal economy of Portage County and moved away completely.[vi] Mathias went with brother Andrew to joined Jacob Oswalt and their Aunt, Rebecca Huston Oswalt, in Rose Township, Stark County.iii This was a logical move since Andrew had married Susannah Oswalt, his “kissing cousin,” and my 3x great grandmother.

Meanwhile the youngest children and Elizabeth, her oldest daughter, rallied round their mother in Union County. They made the county their home and lived by her until she died on August 9, 1824, [vii]19 years and 6 days after Jacob walked into the Stubenville Land Office to make his claim. My her request or from their own understanding, they had these words carved into her gravestone, “In Memory of Mary Croy, Wife of Jacob Croy, Forever in Our Hearts.”

[i] Pennsylvania, Land Warrants and Applications, 1733-1952 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012.Original data: Warrant Applications, 1733-1952. Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania State Archives. Land Warrants. Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, PA.
[ii] Londonderry Township Tax Record, 1792 Bedford County Historical Society, Pioneer Library, 6441 Lincoln Highway, Bedford, PA 15522, (814)623-2011.
[iii] Additional information and documentation to follow in a later post.
[iv] Early Ohioans’ residences from the land grant records [database on-line]. Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Original data: Riegel, Mayburt Stephenson,. Early Ohioans’ residences from the land grant records. Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1976.
[v] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. Eagle Cemetery, LaGrange County, Indiana and Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Marion County, Ohio
[vi] Chancery Records Alexander Huston wills 1840, 1850 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.Original data: Sixth Census of the United States, 1840. (NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
[vii] Find A Grave. Find A Grave. Plain City Cemetery, Union County, Ohio