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Tag Archives: Land Warrants

Coverlets, land warrants, and a birth on Will’s Creek

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Laszlo Zonger by a Jacquard Loom at the Coverlet Museum

Laszlo Zonger by a Jacquard Loom at the Coverlet Museum

Please, please, please! If you ever visit Bedford County, Pennsylvania go to the coverlet museum! www.coverletmuseum.org The coverlets and the accompanying personal tour, both enthusiastically provided by Melinda and Laszlo Zonger, impart knowledge of the craft, its history, the impact of a weaver’s place of origin, and the role of the global economy on weaving in America. So what does this have to do with the blog besides being of historical interest? Well, look below.

Cumberland Evening Times December 21, 1905

Cumberland Evening Times December 21, 1905

Sometimes you find a place so engaging and interesting that dragging yourself away seems impossible, no matter what your plans. After my last posting saying I was off to Ohio, I received this message, “I have my 5 great grandfather David Huston being born in 1796 in Maryland and his Father was Andrew/ Ellinore Devore mother. Do you have any information about the property or where in Maryland he was born?” I went to my records thinking to make quick work of a straightforward question. The hours whirled by. Two new discoveries and some inferential detective work later, I sent an e-mail which, as I looked back, seems a decent example of using the place knowledge to inform questions of birth. At the end of this post, I include a portion of the e-mail, slightly revised to correct errors and hopefully provide clarity. There you will also find links to the probate records mentioned in the e-mail. Andrew Huston Jr. practiced the art of weaving, probably the more basic version of the craft performed by in-home crafters. He, with his Will’s Creek neighbors, lived near the Maryland border and, judging from the newspaper clipping, were economically connected to Cumberland, Maryland. By the way, I nearly passed by the newspaper record because the paper was dated 1905. I only looked twice because, due to information on a land warrant, I knew Andrew was a weaver. Birth and death isn’t everything. Investigating place and the history of place makes a difference, even in ferreting out a birth. How close did they live to the Maryland border? Retracing some records, I also found this land warrant. “Andrew Huston applies for forty acres of Land Situated in Londonderry Township Bedford County adjoining Thomas Potts and Andrew Huston on the West the Maryland line on the South Wills Mountain on the East, & Cornelius Devore on the North.” (signed by Benj Tomlinson as witness and Andrew Huston in a good hand on the 11th day of Sept 1815) Underlining and opinion of his hand are mine. And here is the e-mail regarding David Huston’s place and date of birth. “I can give you this much information from my end. The Will’s Creek community in Pennsylvania is only a few miles from Maryland (2 miles from the border and maybe 4 to Cumberland.) Line disputes ended officially with the Mason/Dixon survey, but who knows how well understood or accepted the survey was in the minds of inhabitants of the area. Here is what I know for sure. 

  • Andrew Huston Jr. was the son of Alexander Huston (verified by the families probate dispute, 1835.) 
  • It, along with the Bedford county dispute, 1832-33, verifies that David was Andrew Jr.’s son. 
  • Alexander’s probate dispute lists David’s residence as Colombia County, Ohio. I suspect this is Colombiana County. Numerous of the Will’s Creek neighbors migrated to the area about 1800, including my great (4x) grandfather Jacob Croy who married Mary Huston, Andrew Jr.’s sister. (added note: the 1820 census lists a David Huston living in Rose Township, Stark County, Ohio once part of Columbiana County)
  • Andrew Jr. is first listed on Cumberland Valley Township (later Londonderry Township,) Bedford County, PA records in 1782 with 3 horses, 6 cows, 6 sheep-no land listing.  Likely living on, grandfather, Andrew Huston‘s land. 1783-85 he is listed as a single freeman. He is also listed as a Jr. on the 1786 Septennial Census for same place. 
  • Andrew’s father Alexander is verified an inhabitant of Cumberland Valley Township, Bedford County, PA from 1773 through the early 1800’s
  • Andrew Jr. married in late 1785 to 86 based on tax data to Elenore (Nilly) Devore (based on probate) who was the daughter of Cornelius Devore, a long time Will’s Creek resident (based on property and tax records.)
  • Based on the probate dispute for Andrew Jr., David is likely the second born son. John is definitely the first born. I do not have definitive dates for births and deaths of his children. (I have made it a “rule” to stick to direct lineage, their children and then basics of brothers/sisters. It can get overwhelming to keep organized otherwise. (added note: I have found little birth information for this period except on gravestones. When I visited the Bedford County Historical Society, I was told that little birth information exists for 18th century Western Pennsylvania.)
  • The tax and census records drop to a single Andrew Huston in Londonderry Township after 1786. My assumption is that Andrew Senior died by then. It is possible that Andrew moved on immediately after marriage and then returned in 1815, but the 1790 census shows an Andrew of Londonderry with one male child under 16 (John?) and two females (one likely a child.) Andrew Senior would not have had young children by then. Even Alexander, Andrew Jr’s father, was living at the time with only his wife. The 1800 census verifies the appropriate number of children for Andrew Jr. (the boy and girl above born between 1785-1790 and 2 boys and 2 girls born between 1791 and 1800) living in Londonderry Township, as does 1810, 20, 30. So if Andrew Senior was not dead by 1787-90, why does the land warrant for 1815 list the land of “Andrew Huston on the south?” Most likely it is additional land that Andrew Jr owned. 

Sooooo….I think it likely David was born right there in the Will’s Creek, Cumberland Valley Township, Bedford County, Pennsylvania located very close to Maryland between 1791 and 1800, unless mom slipped over the line for a birth. Probate does indicate that John Huston (David’s brother) gave authority to Philip Devore to “sell the same and all other land claimed by me either in part or altogether situate in the state of Pennsylvania or Maryland…” (My underlining.) Others of the community also went into Allegheny County, Maryland for business and land purchase.” Probate records for Andrew Huston Jr.              Alexander Huston wills

Where in Will’s Creek? …and great Library of Congress blog

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Where they lived?

Where they lived?

This week I buried myself in the world of land warrants, attempting to determine approximately where those tenacious Will’s Creek settlers lived. The picture above, with the help of Google Earth, is my best guess. I created a table (found at the end of the post) briefly explaining each number on the map.

Many known settlers who appeared on tax records did not appear in land warrants. Numerous pioneers of the time, especially those on the colonial frontiers, rejected any expectation to warrant and/or pay for land, considering it an infringement on their free right of settlement.

For me, it is time to move on. This time I travel, virtually, to Northeastern Ohio. As the century turned a page, so did our nation’s history. The Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War opened lands to settlement north of the Ohio River. Go to this recent and outstanding Library of Congress blog by Erin Allen outlining early efforts to inform local tribes as well as British outposts of this land transfer to the newly formed United States. http://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2014/04/a-journey-to-the-northwest-frontier-in-1783-the-journal-of-george-mccully/

You can also access the journal by George McCully at this site. A member of the expedition charged with sharing the outcome of the treaty, he documents the trek from Pittsburg, PA to Detroit. His detailed account of the excursion gives insight into the journey many in the Will’s Creek community were about to undertake. As always, original source documents are the best way to learn about the past. So, please, access his journal and read Erin Allen’s excellent explanation of the period! While you are at it subscribe to the blog. It is very good.

Land Warrant and Deed Information (As a disclaimer, I am not a resident of the area so lack the “inside track” regarding historical tidbits useful in explaining some references in the warrants. So, please, if you are out there, I appreciate any clarification.)

 

Warrant Applicant Date Detail
#1 Andrew Huston Sr. From3/1/1763App. 12/2/1784 50 ac bound on W John Hawthorns Tract; NW George Cook; N Nicolas Liberger; E Alex. Ross; S Wills-Town-Tract Mouth of Gladens Run
#2 Cornelius Devore Esq 9/16/1792 150 ac W side Wills Creek joining his 200 and lands surveyed for Andrew Huston
#3CastbarFosholt/Philip Devore 5/20/1793 surveyed for Jacob Oswalt Jr; Oct. 26/ 1795 transferred to Alex. Huston; 5/26/1803 transferred to Castbar Fosholt; 5/10/1830 sold to Philip Devore $300 100 acres adjoining Nicholas Lybarger, Jacob Oswalt Sr. and on W by a Mt. on a small branch of Gladwens Run part of Wills Creek
#4 Benjamin Tomlinson From 3/1/1765 app. 3/29/1790 60 ac E side joining Wills Creek opposite mouth of Gladdens Run joining Wills-Town-Tract
#5 George Cook 4/23/1793 100 ac on Laurel Run both sides of rd from Simon Hays mill
#6 Andrew Huston Jr. 5/9/1815 A weaver applis for 25 ac joining Wills Mountain on E; W Cornilias Devere, Benjamin Tomblingson; S Andrew Huston

So far I have not located any land warrants for Laurence Lamb, Jacob Croy, Jacob Neimyer, Anthony Asher, John Hains, John Albright, Valentine Baker, George Amrine, Martin Fait, Godfrey Woolback, John Blyew, or John Porter to name a few.